When Oxygen Can Be Toxic? A Mini Review

Journal of Applied Life Sciences International

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Title When Oxygen Can Be Toxic? A Mini Review
Creator Elshafei, Ali Mohamed
Description No one within the past later a long time had in intellect that the oxygen we breathe that contributes to sparing the lives of millions of patients and the most component of life has no harmful impacts on the body. Oxygen and water are the soul of living beings in common but beneath certain    conditions such as weak immune status and lack of the body's ability to excrete natural   antioxidants happens that the oxygen atom responds as a receptor for electrons, since its structure within the case of electronic soundness has two electrons that are not bound and as a result of progressive responses that create a few intermediate compounds. (Such as hydroxyl radical    (•OH), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide anion (•O-2) that are hurtful to human’ organs     and influence the extraordinary degree of cell division process and the physiological activities       that it performs since it could be a capable oxidizer. These reactive atoms and free radicals    inferred from atomic oxygen are called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). In spite of the fact that ROS play a key part as a flag-bearer in ordinary cell flag transduction and cell cycling, they have long been known to be a component of the immune reaction of safe cells to microbial invasion. ROS are created as byproducts during the mitochondrial electron transport of aerobic respiration or by oxido/reductase proteins and metal-catalyzed oxidation. The primary step in ROS generation is the reduction of atomic oxygen (O2) to anion superoxide (•O-2), is the antecedent of other responsive species. For this reason, the significance of normal cancer prevention agents has gotten to be vital to urge freed of the poisonous quality of ROS and particular antioxidant supplement ought to be given to improve the diet. Among the well-known antioxidants and cancer prevention agents are glutathione, vitamins C and D as well as enzymes such as, superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase which contribute successfully to the disposal of these oxidizing substances.
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
Date 2020-08-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://journaljalsi.com/index.php/JALSI/article/view/30171
Source Journal of Applied Life Sciences International; 2020 - Volume 23 [Issue 7]; 1-9
Language eng
Relation https://journaljalsi.com/index.php/JALSI/article/view/30171/56612
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 © 2020 Elshafei; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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