Sexual violence in boys and teenagers in the world: an integrative review

Revista Colombiana de Enfermería

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Title Sexual violence in boys and teenagers in the world: an integrative review
Violencia sexual en niños y adolescentes varones en el mundo: una revisión integrativa
Violência sexual em meninos e adolescentes no mundo: uma revisão integrativa
 
Creator Gómez-León, Marta Cecilia
Moreno Rangel, Yenny Patricia
Cárdenas-Serrato, Patricia Isabel
Vasquez Perez, Héctor Ariel
Wilches Gutiérrez, José Luis Andrés
 
Subject revisión de literatura
violencia sexual
agresión sexual
abuso de niños
masculino
revelación
impacto en la salud
salud mental
manejo psicológico
 
Description Objective: Collect, summarize, and analyze current scientific publications on Child Sexual Violence (CSV) in male children and adolescents worldwide between 2014 and 2019. Method: An integrative review was conducted using a systematic search of studies published between 2014 and 2019 in PubMed, LILACS, and IBECS. Results: Nine hundred and ninety references were identified, from which thirty-one articles were selected for the review. Most of the studies were conducted in the USA (n=18) and other developed countries; only five were conducted in developing countries (Brazil, China, India, Jamaica, and South Africa). Eighteen studies used quantitative methodologies; fifteen were cross-sectional. In two articles, children under 16 years were chosen as the target population. Regarding the main objectives and findings, four recurrent themes were identified: CSV characteristics, effects of CSV on health (mental health, sexual health, risk behaviors, and violence), CSV disclosure, and analysis of therapeutic interventions. Among the findings, the most outstanding was that the disclosure of the event is a protective factor for strengthening resilience against abuse. Conclusions: CSV has a negative impact on different dimensions of the victim's health that transcends throughout his life, and it deepens as the moment of disclosure is delayed. Further research is needed, especially in regions of developing countries.
Objetivo: recopilar, resumir y analizar la producción científica actual sobre la violencia sexual infantil (VSI) en niños y adolescentes varones en el mundo entre el 2014 y el 2019. Método: se realizó una revisión integrativa de literatura mediante una búsqueda sistemática de estudios publicados entre el 2014 y el 2019 en PubMed, LILACS e IBECS. Resultados: se identificaron 990 referencias, de las cuales se seleccionaron 31 artículos para la revisión. La mayoría se realizaron en EE. UU. (n = 18) y otros países desarrollados; solo cinco provienen de países en desarrollo (Brasil, China, India, Jamaica y Suráfrica). Dieciocho estudios usaron metodologías cuantitativas; quince, de tipo transversal. Dos trabajos abordaron menores de 16 años como su población objetivo. Respecto a los objetivos y hallazgos principales, se identificaron cuatro temas recurrentes: caracterización de la VSI, efectos en salud de la VSI (salud mental, salud sexual, comportamientos de riesgo y violencia), revelación de la VSI y análisis de intervenciones terapéuticas. Entre los hallazgos más sobresalientes se refirió que la divulgación del evento constituye un factor protector en el fortalecimiento de la resiliencia frente al abuso. Conclusiones: la VSI genera un impacto negativo en diferentes dimensiones de la salud de la víctima, que trascienden a lo largo de su vida y se profundizan en la medida en que se prolonga el momento de la revelación de los hechos. Más investigaciones son necesarias, principalmente en regiones y países en vías de desarrollo.
Objetivo: coletar, resumir e analisar a produção científica atual sobre violência sexual infantil (VSI) em crianças e adolescentes do sexo masculino no mundo entre 2014 e 2019. Método: foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura por meio de uma busca sistemática de estudos publicados entre 2014 e 2019 no PubMed, LILACS e IBECS. Resultados: foram identificadas 990 referências, das quais 31 artigos foram selecionados para a revisão. A maioria foi conduzida nos Estados Unidos (n = 18) e em outros países desenvolvidos; apenas cinco provém de países em desenvolvimento (Brasil, China, Índia, Jamaica e África do Sul). Dezoito estudos utilizaram metodologias quantitativas; quinze, tipo transversal. Dois estudos abordaram crianças menores de 16 anos como população-alvo. Em relação aos objetivos e principais achados foram identificados quatro temas recorrentes: caracterização da VSI, efeitos da VSI na saúde (saúde mental, saúde sexual, comportamentos de risco e violência), revelação da VSI e análise das intervenções terapêuticas. Entre os achados mais destacados, foi colocado que a divulgação do evento constitui um fator de proteção no fortalecimento da resiliência contra o abuso. Conclusões: a VSI gera impacto negativo em diferentes dimensões da saúde da vítima, que transcendem ao longo de sua vida e se aprofundam à medida que se prolonga o momento da revelação dos fatos. Mais pesquisas são necessárias, principalmente em países e regiões em desenvolvimento.
 
Publisher Universidad El Bosque
 
Date 2020-08-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
text/xml
application/epub+zip
 
Identifier https://revistacolombianadeenfermeria.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2862
10.18270/rce.v19i2.2862
 
Source Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; Vol 19 No 2 (2020): Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; e020
Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; ##issue.vol## 19 ##issue.no## 2 (2020): Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; e020
Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; Vol. 19 Núm. 2 (2020): Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; e020
Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; v. 19 n. 2 (2020): Revista Colombiana de Enfermería; e020
2346-2000
1909-1621
10.18270/rce.v19i2
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistacolombianadeenfermeria.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2862/2758
https://revistacolombianadeenfermeria.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2862/2830
https://revistacolombianadeenfermeria.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2862/2831
https://revistacolombianadeenfermeria.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2862/2832
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