ANALISIS RANTAI PASOK DALAM DISTRIBUSI HASIL TANGKAPAN BERBASIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN DI PPN KEJAWANAN

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Title ANALISIS RANTAI PASOK DALAM DISTRIBUSI HASIL TANGKAPAN BERBASIS KOMODITAS UNGGULAN DI PPN KEJAWANAN
SUPPLY CHAIN ANALYSIS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF LEADING COMMODITY-BASED CATCHES IN PPN KEJAWANAN
 
Creator Gumilang, Andi Perdana
Susilawati, Evi
 
Subject distirbution
fishing port
supply chain
distribusi
pelabuhan perikanan
rantai pasok
 
Description Undang-undang RI No.45 tahun 2009 tentang perikanan menyatakan bahwa pelabuhan perikanan memiliki fungsi pemerintahan dan pengusahaan guna mendukung kegiatan yang berhubungan dengan distribusi pemasaran. Dalam aktivitas distribusi hasil tangkapan pelabuhan perikanan dipandang sebagai salah satu bagian dalam satu kesatuan sistem rantai pasokan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komoditas ikan hasil tangkapan unggulan yang didaratkan di PPN Kejawanan dan mengkaji kinerja rantai pasok dalam aktivitas distribusi hasil tangkapan komoditas unggulan di PPN Kejawanan. Metode penelitian adalah metode survei dan wawancara mendalam dengan interview terhadap pihak-pihak terkait berkaitan dengan rantai pasok. Analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis Location Quotient (LQ) untuk mengetahui potensi unggulan ikan dan analisis deskriptif kinerja rantai pasok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan komoditas ikan unggulan yang memiliki nilai pertumbuhan LQ positif dengan skor 3 yaitu Cumi-cumi, Pari, Layang, dan Tetengkek. Skor LQ 3 mengindikasikan bahwa jenis-jenis ikan tersebut terkonsentrasi pendaratannya secara relatif di PPN Kejawanan dan dapat terus dikembangkan. Penilaian kinerja rantai pasok menunjukkan terdapat 80% kriteria yang sudah dimiliki dalam rantai pasok. Sedangkan 20 % kriteria tidak atau belum ada. Secara umum dapat dikatakan bahwa rantai pasok ikan hasil tangkapan unggulan khususnya cumi-cumi sudah baik namun masih belum optimal.
Indonesian Republic Law No.45 of 2009 concerning fisheries states that fishing ports have government and business function to support activities related to marketing distribution. In the activities of catch distribution, fishing ports are seen as one part of a single supply chain system. This study was aimed to determine the potential of primary caught fish that landed at PPN Kejawanan and review of supply chain performance in catch distribution activities. The research methods are survey method and in-depth interview with respondents who related to the supply chain. Data analysis was performed by analysis of Location Quotient (LQ) and descriptive analysis. The results showed that primary fish commodities had a 3 score positive growth values of LQ, which were Squid, Stringray, flying fish, and Tetengkek fish, respectively. The 3 score of LQ indicates those fish are relatively concentrated landed in PPN Kejawanan and can continue to be developed. The supply chain performance assessment showed that there was 80% of the criteria already in the supply chain. while 20% of the criteria did not yet exist. In general condition, the supply chain of fish caught by primary commodities, especially squid, is appropriate but still not optimal. 
 
Publisher Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University
 
Date 2019-12-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/27408
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3.27408
 
Source Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; Vol. 11 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; 809-816
2620-309X
2087-9423
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/27408/18997
 

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