ANALISIS PRIORITAS PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN KONSERVASI PERAIRAN PULAU AY-RHUN, PROVINSI MALUKU

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Title ANALISIS PRIORITAS PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN KONSERVASI PERAIRAN PULAU AY-RHUN, PROVINSI MALUKU
ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT PRIORITY ON AY-RHUN MARINE PROTECTED AREA, MALUKU PROVINCE
 
Creator Juliyanto, Ervien
Zairion
Krisanti, Majariana
Susanto, Handoko Adi
 
Subject ANP
decision making
management startegy
MPA
ANP
decision making
KKPD
strategi pengelolaan
 
Description Prioritas perencanaan sangat penting ditentukan untuk menjadi acuan pengelola dalam meningkatkan efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi perairan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis prioritas perencanaan pengelolaan kawasan konservasi perairan daerah (KKPD) Pulau Ay-Rhun menggunakan metode Jejaring Analitik (Analytic Network Process, ANP). Permasalahan dan solusi dalam penentuan prioritas pengelolaan ini dikelompokkan menjadi empat, yakni: cluster ekologi, ekonomi, sosial, dan kelembagaan dengan masing-masing sub-cluster berdasarkan hasil diskusi kelompok terfokus (Focus Group Discussion, FGD). Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa masalah utama kawasan konservasi perairan Pulau Ay-Rhun adalah cluster ekologi. Sementara hasil analisis sub-cluster menunjukan bahwa permasalahan prioritas pengelolaan adalah: (1) cluster kelembagaan berupa kurangnya kapasitas dan kuantitas SDM dengan nilai 0,6711; (2) cluster sosial berupa kurangnya pemahaman terkait konservasi dengan nilai 0,6340; (3) cluster  ekonomi berupa ketidakstabilan harga jual hasil perikanan dengan nilai 0,5684; (4) cluster ekologi berupa penambangan pasir dan karang untuk material bangunan dengan nilai 0,4614. Mengingat sub-cluster suatu cluster dapat mempengaruhi elemen lain dalam cluster yang sama dan dapat pula mempengaruhi elemen pada cluster yang berbeda, maka rekomendasi prioritas strategi pengelolaan dalam meningkatkan efektifitas kawasan konservasi perairan Ay-Rhun adalah: (1) cluster ekonomi berupa optimalisasi pemanfaatan sesuai daya dukung dengan nilai 0,6137; (2) cluster ekologi berupa pembentukan zonasi dengan nilai 0,5484; (3) cluster kelembagaan berupa penyusunan kebijakan pengelolaan dengan nilai 0,5308; dan (4) cluster sosial berupa sosialisasi mengenai konservasi dengan nilai 0,4680.
Management planning prioritization is critical as a reference for managers when they try to improve the management effectiveness of marine protected areas. The objective of this study is to analyze the prioritization of Ay-Rhun MPA's management planning using the Analytic Network Process. Problems and solutions in determining management priorities are clustered into four categories: ecology, economy, social, and institutional, and inside each cluster is sub-clusters based on the results of Focus Group Discussion. The results show that the main problem of Ay-Rhun MPA management is the ecology cluster. The sub-cluster analysis results showed that management problems should be addressed as priorities are: (1) the lack of human resource in terms of capacity and quantity; (2) the lack of understanding in conservation efforts; (3) price instability in fishery productions; (4) sand and coral mining for construction materials. Sub-cluster in a cluster could affect other elements in the same cluster, and it could also affect elements on different clusters. Therefore, recommendation strategies that should be prioritized to improve management effectiveness of Ay-Rhun MPA are (1) optimization of resource use based on carrying capacity, with the value of 0.6137; (2) MPA zonation design, with the value of 0.5484; (3) MPA management policy design, with the value of 0.5308; and (4) socialization regarding conservation efforts and understanding, with the value of 0.4680.
 
Publisher Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University
 
Date 2019-12-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/25763
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3.25763
 
Source Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; Vol. 11 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; 721-733
2620-309X
2087-9423
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/25763/18987
 

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