ANALISIS KESESUAIAN PERAIRAN BAGI KEGIATAN WISATA BAHARI SNORKLING DAN SELAM DI PERAIRAN PULAU NUSALAUT KABUPATEN MALUKU TENGAH

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Title ANALISIS KESESUAIAN PERAIRAN BAGI KEGIATAN WISATA BAHARI SNORKLING DAN SELAM DI PERAIRAN PULAU NUSALAUT KABUPATEN MALUKU TENGAH
ANALYSIS OF WATERS SUITABILITY FOR SNORKELING AND DIVING MARINE TOURISM IN WATERS OF NUSALAUT ISLAND, CENTRE MALUKU REGENCY
 
Creator Indrabudi, Terry
Adji, Arif Seno
Satrioajie , Widhya Nugroho
Alik, Robert
 
Subject Central Maluku
marine tourism
Nusalaut Island
waters suitability
kesesuaian perairan
Maluku Tengah
Pulau Nusalaut
wisata bahari
 
Description Maluku memiliki sumberdaya laut yang sangat besar, baik sumberdaya hayati maupun nir-hayati termasuk potensi wisata bahari yang menjadi prioritas pemerintah untuk dikembangkan. Namun pada kenyataannya, perkembangan wisata bahari di Maluku masih menghadapi berbagai kendala, yaitu menentukan lokasi yang layak untuk dijadikan tujuan wisata. Penelitian ini bermaksud untuk melihat tingkat kesesuaian wisata khususnya wisata snorkling dan selam di perairan Pulau Nusalaut. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada tahun 2014 dan 2015 di 6 (enam) lokasi yang berbeda.  Pengambilan data karang menggunakan metoda LIT (Line Intecept Trancect) dan dianalisis menggunakan "Life Form Program". Pengamatan ikan karang dilakukan dengan Underwater Visual Census (UVC) dan transek. Parameter lingkungan diambil dengan cara pengukuran langsung dilapangan. Terumbu karang dikategorikan dalam kondisi ”Baik” dan ”Sangat Baik” dengan persentase tutupan karang antara 58,54-77%. Sebanyak 217 jenis karang batu yang termasuk ke dalam 52 genera dari 16 famili menempati rataan terumbu. Keanekaragaman ikan karang berada pada kondisi yang cukup baik dengan indeks keanekaragaman berkisar antara 3,05-4,09. Setidaknya terdapat 2.838 individu ikan karang dari 25 famili dan 170 jenis, terbagi dalam kelompok ikan indikator sebanyak 6%, ikan mayor 67% dan ikan target 27%. Kecerahan perairan berkisar antara 8-12 m dengan kecepatan arus antara 1,6-18,5 m/s. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kesesuaian wisata, seluruh lokasi penelitian dikategorikan “Sangat Sesuai” untuk dijadikan tujuan wisata snorkling maupun selam dengan Indeks Kesesuaian Wisata antara 81,25-95,83%.
The Maluku Islands have the potentials of marine resources, including marine tourism which is currently a priority for the government to develop. But in reality, the development of marine tourism in Maluku faces various obstacles, such as determining the appropriate location to be a tourist destination. This study intends to see the suitability of the tourism area, especially snorkeling and diving in Nusalaut Island. Sampling was carried out in 2014 and 2015 in 6 different locations. Retrieval of coral data using the Line Intercept Transect method and analyzed using the "Life Form Program". Observation of reef fish was done by Underwater Visual Census and transects. Environmental parameters are taken by direct measurement in the field. Coral reefs are categorized as "Good" and "Very Good". A total of 217 types of rock corals belonging to 52 genera from 16 families occupy reef flats. Reef fish biodiversity is in a fairly good condition with a diversity index ranging from 3,046-4,089. There are at least 2,838 individual reef fishes from 25 families and 170 species. Waters' transparency ranges from 8-12 m with a current velocity between 1.6-18.5 m/s. Based on the results of the tourism suitability analysis, all research locations are categorized as "Very Appropriate" to be used as a snorkeling and diving tourist destination with a Tourism Suitability Index between 81.25-95.83%.
 
Publisher Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University
 
Date 2019-12-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/19193
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3.19193
 
Source Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; Vol. 11 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; 653-666
2620-309X
2087-9423
10.29244/jitkt.v11i3
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/19193/18978
 

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