Degree of Grammaticalisation of Behind, Beneath, Between and Betwixt in Middle English

Research in Language

View Publication Info
Field Value
Title Degree of Grammaticalisation of Behind, Beneath, Between and Betwixt in Middle English
Creator Ciszek-Kiliszewska, Ewa
Subject adverb
Middle English
Description The present paper traces the history of four selected adverbs with the prefix be- in Middle English. Already in Old English behind, beneath, between and betwixt are attested to function as both adverbs and prepositions, which demonstrates that the process of grammaticalisation accounting for the development of prepositions from adverbs started before that period. The focus of the study are the diachronic changes of the degree of grammaticalisation of the examined lexemes in the Middle English period as demonstrated by the ratio of their use with a respective function in the most natural context. Hence, specially selected Middle English prose texts are analysed. The analysis shows that while behind and beneath are still frequently used as adverbs in the whole Middle English period, between and betwixt are predominantly used as prepositions already in Early Middle English. This clearly demonstrates that the degree of grammaticalisation of the latter two Middle English words was much higher than that of behind and beneath.
Publisher Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
Date 2018-06-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Research in Language; Vol. 16 No. 2 (2018); 193-222
Research in Language; Tom 16 Nr 2 (2018); 193-222
Language eng

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us


Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library