THE IMAGE OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR IN AVANT-GARDE POETRY: THE CASE OF RAFAEL ALBERTI, PABLO NERUDA AND OLIVERIO GIRONDO

Beoiberística - Revista de Estudios Ibéricos, Latinoamericanos y Comparativos

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Title THE IMAGE OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR IN AVANT-GARDE POETRY: THE CASE OF RAFAEL ALBERTI, PABLO NERUDA AND OLIVERIO GIRONDO
LA IMAGEN DE LA GUERRA CIVIL ESPAÑOLA EN LA POESÍA VANGUARDISTA: EL CASO DE RAFAEL ALBERTI, PABLO NERUDA Y OLIVERIO GIRONDO
THE IMAGE OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR IN AVANT-GARDE POETRY: THE CASE OF RAFAEL ALBERTI, PABLO NERUDA AND OLIVERIO GIRONDO
 
Creator Kalović, Isidora
 
Description The Spanish Civil War is an event that became the subject of many avant-garde works. The lives of poets in Spain were affected by the aforementioned event, most of the Spanish poets continued their life in exile. However, Latin American poets were also affected. Trying to answer the question: What is the reason for this?, we will comment on the influences on Latin American poets to elaborate on this theme. Then, the question of the close relationship between language and identity opens up because language is supposed to be the strongest and most important link between Latin American poets and their "European homeland" - Spain. In the cases of three poets, from Spain, Chile, and Argentina, we will analyze the similarities and differences between their visions of this war. In the paper, we will focus on the poem "Galope" by Alberti, "Explico algunas cosas" by Neruda, and Girondo's story called "Interlunio". The reiteration of this theme in avant-garde works demands that we realize its importance and the comparative analysis offers a distinction between the universal and local aspects of its elaboration. That is at the same time the objective of our work - to emphasize the importance of the theme of the war that happened in Spain and to analyze its elaboration by three carefully selected poets.Keywords: The Spanish Civil War, Rafael Alberti, Pablo Neruda, Oliverio Girondo, poem.
La Guerra Civil española es un suceso que se convirtió en tema de muchas obras vanguardistas. Obviamente, las vidas mismas de poetas de España cambiaron mucho por el suceso mencionado, incluso la mayoría de ellos siguió su vida en el exilio. Empero, los poetas latinoamericanos se encontraron afectados también. Tratando de responder a la pregunta: ¿Cuál es la razón de esto?, comentaremos las influencias a los poetas latinoamericanos para elaborar este tema. Se abre, entonces, la cuestión de la estrecha relación entre la lengua y la identidad, porque se supone que la lengua es el enlace más fuerte e importante entre los poetas latinoamericanos y su “patria europea” – España. En los casos de tres poetas, de España, Chile y Argentina, analizaremos las semejanzas y las diferencias entre sus visiones de dicha guerra. En el trabajo nos centraremos en los poemas «Galope» de Alberti, «Explico algunas cosas» de Neruda y en el relato de Girondo llamado «Interlunio». La reiteración de este tema en las obras vanguardistas exige que nos demos cuenta de su importancia y el análisis comparativo ofrece una distinción de los aspectos universales y locales de su elaboración. Lo dicho es, al mismo tiempo, el objetivo de nuestro trabajo: acentuar la importancia del tema de la guerra que sucedió en España y analizar su elaboración por parte de tres poetas cuidadosamente seleccionados.Palabras clave: Guerra Civil española, Rafael Alberti, Pablo Neruda, Oliverio Girondo, poema.
The Spanish Civil War is an event that became the subject of many avant-garde works. The lives of poets in Spain were affected by the aforementioned event, most of the Spanish poets continued their life in exile. However, Latin American poets were also affected. Trying to answer the question: What is the reason for this?, we will comment on the influences on Latin American poets to elaborate on this theme. Then, the question of the close relationship between language and identity opens up because language is supposed to be the strongest and most important link between Latin American poets and their "European homeland" - Spain. In the cases of three poets, from Spain, Chile, and Argentina, we will analyze the similarities and differences between their visions of this war. In the paper, we will focus on the poem "Galope" by Alberti, "Explico algunas cosas" by Neruda, and Girondo's story called "Interlunio". The reiteration of this theme in avant-garde works demands that we realize its importance and the comparative analysis offers a distinction between the universal and local aspects of its elaboration. That is at the same time the objective of our work - to emphasize the importance of the theme of the war that happened in Spain and to analyze its elaboration by three carefully selected poets.Keywords: The Spanish Civil War, Rafael Alberti, Pablo Neruda, Oliverio Girondo, poem.
 
Publisher BEOIBERÍSTICA - Revista de Estudios Ibéricos, Latinoamericanos y Comparativos (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online)
BEOIBERISTIKA - Časopis za iberijske, latinoameričke i komparativne studije (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online)
BEOIBERÍSTICA - Journal of Iberian, Latin American and Comparative Studies (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online)
 
Contributor


 
Date 2020-06-26
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion



 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://beoiberistica.fil.bg.ac.rs/index.php/beoiberistica/article/view/83
10.18485/beoiber.2020.4.1.3
 
Source BEOIBERÍSTICA - Revista de Estudios Ibéricos, Latinoamericanos y Comparativos (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online); Vol. 4, Núm. 1 (2020); 49-57
BEOIBERISTIKA - Časopis za iberijske, latinoameričke i komparativne studije (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online); Vol. 4, Núm. 1 (2020); 49-57
BEOIBERÍSTICA - Journal of Iberian, Latin American and Comparative Studies (ISSN: 2560-4163 Online); Vol. 4, Núm. 1 (2020); 49-57
2560-4163
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://beoiberistica.fil.bg.ac.rs/index.php/beoiberistica/article/view/83/70
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Isidora Kalović
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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