Contribution of diet to the composition of the human gut microbiota

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

View Publication Info
Field Value
Title Contribution of diet to the composition of the human gut microbiota
Creator Graf, Daniela
Di Cagno, Raffaella
Fåk, Frida
Flint, Harry J.
Nyman, Margareta
Saarela, Maria
Watzl, Bernhard
Description In the human gut, millions of bacteria contribute to the microbiota, whose composition is specific for every individual. Although we are just at the very beginning of understanding the microbiota concept, we already know that the composition of the microbiota has a profound impact on human health. A key factor in determining gut microbiota composition is diet. Preliminary evidence suggests that dietary patterns are associated with distinct combinations of bacteria in the intestine, also called enterotypes. Western diets result in significantly different microbiota compositions than traditional diets. It is currently unknown which food constituents specifically promote growth and functionality of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. The aim of this review is to summarize the recently published evidence from human in vivo studies on the gut microbiota-modulating effects of diet. It includes sections on dietary patterns (e.g. Western diet), whole foods, food constituents, as wells as food-associated microbes and their influence on the composition of human gut microbiota. The conclusions highlight the problems faced by scientists in this fast-developing field of research, and the need for high-quality, large-scale human dietary intervention studies.Keywords: human gut microbiota; dietary patterns; food constituents; diet(Published: 4 February 2015)Citation: Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 26164 - access the supplementary material for this article, please see Supplementary files under ‘Article Tools’This paper is part of the Proceedings from the 2013 ENGIHR Conference in Valencia, Spain. More papers from this supplement can be found at
Publisher Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Date 2015-02-04
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease; Vol 26 (2015)
Language eng

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us


Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library