Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

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Title Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis
 
Creator Le Roy, Caroline I.
Mappley, Luke J.
La Ragione, Roberto M.
Woodward, Martin J.
Claus, Sandrine P.
 
Subject Brachyspira pilosicoli; Poultry; Microbiology
 
Description Avian intestinal spirochaetosis (AIS) is a common disease occurring in poultry that can be caused by Brachyspira pilosicoli, a Gram-negative bacterium of the order Spirochaetes. During AIS, this opportunistic pathogen colonises the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract of poultry (principally, the ileum, caeca, and colon), which can cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, reduced growth rate, and reduced egg production and quality. Due to the large increase of bacterial resistance to antibiotic treatment, the European Union banned in 2006 the prophylactic use of antibiotics as growth promoters in livestock. Consequently, the number of outbreaks of AIS has dramatically increased in the UK resulting in significant economic losses. This review summarises the current knowledge about AIS infection caused by B. pilosicoli and discusses various treatments and prevention strategies to control AIS.Keywords: Brachyspira pilosicoli; poultry; microbiology(Published: 15 December 2015)Citation: Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 28853 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/mehd.v26.28853
 
Publisher Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
 
Contributor
 
Date 2015-12-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
text/html
application/epub+zip
application/xml
 
Identifier http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/28853
10.3402/mehd.v26.28853
 
Source Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease; Vol 26 (2015)
1651-2235
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/28853/44051
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/28853/44052
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/28853/44053
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/28853/44054
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/downloadSuppFile/28853/21484
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/downloadSuppFile/28853/21485
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/downloadSuppFile/28853/21486
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/downloadSuppFile/28853/21487
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/downloadSuppFile/28853/24600
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2015 Caroline Ivanne Le Roy
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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