Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

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Title Brachyspira pilosicoli-induced avian intestinal spirochaetosis
Creator Le Roy, Caroline I.
Mappley, Luke J.
La Ragione, Roberto M.
Woodward, Martin J.
Claus, Sandrine P.
Subject Brachyspira pilosicoli; Poultry; Microbiology
Description Avian intestinal spirochaetosis (AIS) is a common disease occurring in poultry that can be caused by Brachyspira pilosicoli, a Gram-negative bacterium of the order Spirochaetes. During AIS, this opportunistic pathogen colonises the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract of poultry (principally, the ileum, caeca, and colon), which can cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, reduced growth rate, and reduced egg production and quality. Due to the large increase of bacterial resistance to antibiotic treatment, the European Union banned in 2006 the prophylactic use of antibiotics as growth promoters in livestock. Consequently, the number of outbreaks of AIS has dramatically increased in the UK resulting in significant economic losses. This review summarises the current knowledge about AIS infection caused by B. pilosicoli and discusses various treatments and prevention strategies to control AIS.Keywords: Brachyspira pilosicoli; poultry; microbiology(Published: 15 December 2015)Citation: Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 28853 -
Publisher Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Date 2015-12-15
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease; Vol 26 (2015)
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2015 Caroline Ivanne Le Roy

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