Food-producing animals and their health in relation to human health

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

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Field Value
 
Title Food-producing animals and their health in relation to human health
 
Creator Téllez, Guillermo
Lauková, Andrea
Latorre, Juan D.
Hernandez-Velasco, Xochitl
Hargis, Billy M.
Callaway, Todd
 
Subject
 
Description The fields of immunology, microbiology, and nutrition converge in an astonishing way. Dietary ingredients have a profound effect on the composition of the gut microflora, which in turn regulates the physiology of metazoans. As such, nutritional components of the diet are of critical importance not only for meeting the nutrient requirements of the host, but also for the microbiome. During their coevolution, bacterial microbiota has established multiple mechanisms to influence the eukaryotic host, generally in a beneficial fashion. The microbiome encrypts a variety of metabolic functions that complements the physiology of their hosts. Over a century ago Eli Metchnikoff proposed the revolutionary idea to consume viable bacteria to promote health by modulating the intestinal microflora. The idea is more applicable now than ever, since bacterial antimicrobial resistance has become a serious worldwide problem both in medical and agricultural fields. The impending ban of antibiotics in animal feed due to the current concern over the spread of antibiotic resistance genes makes a compelling case for the development of alternative prophylactics. Nutritional approaches to counteract the debilitating effects of stress and infection may provide producers with useful alternatives to antibiotics. Improving the disease resistance of animals grown without antibiotics will benefit the animals’ health, welfare, and production efficiency, and is also a key strategy in the effort to improve the microbiological safe status of animal-derived food products (e.g. by poultry, rabbits, ruminants, or pigs). This review presents some of the alternatives currently used in food-producing animals to influence their health in relation to human health.Keywords: intestinal microflora; probiotics; production efficiency; health(Published: 2 February 2015)Citation: Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 25876 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/mehd.v26.25876This paper is part of the Proceedings from the 2013 ENGIHR Conference in Valencia, Spain. More papers from this supplement can be found at http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net
 
Publisher Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
 
Contributor
 
Date 2015-02-02
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
text/html
application/epub+zip
 
Identifier http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/25876
10.3402/mehd.v26.25876
 
Source Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease; Vol 26 (2015)
1651-2235
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/25876/38225
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/25876/38226
http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/25876/38227
 

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