Effects of milk components and food additives on survival of three bifidobacteria strains in fermented milk under simulated gastrointestinal tract conditions

Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

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Title Effects of milk components and food additives on survival of three bifidobacteria strains in fermented milk under simulated gastrointestinal tract conditions
Creator Ziarno, Małgorzata Ziarno; Warsaw University of Life Sciences – Szko?a G?ówna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego (WULS-SGGW)
Zaręba, Dorota; Warsaw University of Life Sciences – Szko?a G?ówna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego (WULS-SGGW)
Subject Bifidobacterium; Gastrointestinal Conditions; Milk protein; Whey Protein; Fruit Jam, Prebiotic
Description Background: In the dairy industry, probiotic strains of Bifidobacterium are introduced into the composition of traditional starter cultures intended for the production of fermented foods, or sometimes are the sole microflora responsible for the fermentation process. In order to be able to reach the intestines alive and fulfil their beneficial role, probiotic strains must be able to withstand the acidity of the gastric juices and bile present in the duodenum.Objective: The paper reports effects of selected fermented milk components on the viability of three strains of bifidobacteria in fermented milk during subsequent incubation under conditions representing model digestive juices.Design: The viability of the bifidobacterial cells was examined after a 3-h incubation of fermented milk under simulated gastric juice conditions and then after 5-h incubation under simulated duodenum juice conditions. The Bifidobacterium strains tested differed in their sensitivity to the simulated conditions of the gastrointestinal juices.Results: Bifidobacterial cell viability in simulated intestinal juices was dependent on the strain used in our experiments, and product components acted protectively towards bifidobacterial cells and its dose.Conclusions: Bifidobacterial cells introduced into the human gastrointestinal tract as food ingredients have a good chance of survival during intestinal transit and to reach the large intestine thanks to the protective properties of the food components and depending on the strain and composition of the food.Keywords: Bifidobacterium; gastrointestinal conditions; milk protein; whey protein; fruit jam; prebiotic(Published: 4 November 2015)Citation: Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease 2015, 26: 27812 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/mehd.v26.27812
Publisher Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Date 2015-11-04
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Identifier http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/27812
Source Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease; Vol 26 (2015)
Language eng
Relation http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/27812/43070
Rights Copyright (c) 2015 Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease

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