EpiBasket: how e-commerce tools can improve epidemiological preparedness

Emerging Health Threats Journal

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Field Value
 
Title EpiBasket: how e-commerce tools can improve epidemiological preparedness
 
Creator Xing, Weijia; UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR S 707, Paris, France; INSERM, U707, Paris, France;
Hejblum, Gilles; INSERM, U707, Paris, France; UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR S 707, Paris, France; AP-HP, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Unité de Santé Publique, Paris, France.
Valleron, Alain-Jacques; UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR S 707, Paris, France; INSERM, U707, Paris, France; AP-HP, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Unité de Santé Publique, Paris, France.
 
Subject Epidemiology, Information Systems, Modelling
data collection; disasters; disease outbreaks; emergency preparedness; epidemiology; information systems; questionnaires
RA1-1270, RA643-645, RA421-790.95, RA648.5-767
 
Description Background: Should an emerging infectious disease outbreak or an environmental disaster occur, the collection of epidemiological data must start as soon as possible after the event’s onset. Questionnaires are usually built de novo for each event, resulting in substantially delayed epidemiological responses that are detrimental to the understanding and control of the event considered. Moreover, the public health and/or academic institution databases constructed with responses to different questionnaires are usually difficult to merge, impairing necessary collaborations. We aimed to show that e-commerce concepts and software tools can be readily adapted to enable rapid collection of data after an infectious disease outbreak or environmental disaster. Here, the ‘customers’ are the epidemiologists, who fill their shopping ‘baskets’ with standardised questions.Methods: For each epidemiological field, a catalogue of questions is constituted by identifying the relevant variables based on a review of the published literature on similar circumstances. Each question is tagged with information on its source papers. Epidemiologists can then tailor their own questionnaires by choosing appropriate questions from this catalogue. The software immediately provides them with ready-to-use forms and online questionnaires. All databases constituted by the different EpiBasket users are interoperable, because the corresponding questionnaires are derived from the same corpus of questions.Results: A proof-of-concept prototype was developed for Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) surveys, which is one of the fields of the epidemiological investigation frequently explored during, or after, an outbreak or environmental disaster. The catalogue of questions was initiated from a review of the KAP studies conducted during or after the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic.Conclusion: Rapid collection of standardised data after an outbreak or environmental disaster can be facilitated by transposing the e-commerce paradigm to epidemiology, taking advantage of the powerful software tools already available.Keywords: data collection; disasters; disease outbreaks; emergency preparedness; epidemiology; information systems; questionnaires(Published: 31 October 2013)To access the supplementary material for this article, please see Supplementary files in the column to the right (under Article Tools).Citation: Emerg Health Threats J 2013, 6: 19748 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19748
 
Publisher Emerging Health Threats Journal
 
Contributor Sixth Framework Programme for Research for Policy Support from the European Union, Fondation pour la Recherche Medicale
 
Date 2013-10-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

information systems, systematic review, questionnaire
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
application/epub+zip
text/plain
 
Identifier http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/view/19748
10.3402/ehtj.v6i0.19748
 
Source Emerging Health Threats Journal; Vol 6 (2013) incl Supplements
1752-8550
1752-8550
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/view/19748/30822
http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/view/19748/30823
http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/view/19748/30824
http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/view/19748/30825
http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ehtj/article/downloadSuppFile/19748/11511
 
Coverage world
future threats
literature
 

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