NEOFACISM AS EMPTYING THE PHILOSOPHICAL-POLITICAL TRADITION OF LIBERAL DEMOCRACY

Revista Eleuthería (ελευθερία)

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Title NEOFACISM AS EMPTYING THE PHILOSOPHICAL-POLITICAL TRADITION OF LIBERAL DEMOCRACY
O NEOFASCISMO COMO ESVAZIAMENTO DA TRADIÇÃO FILOSÓFICO-POLÍTICA DA DEMOCRACIA LIBERAL
 
Creator Martins Barreira, Marcelo
 
Subject Neofascism. Political Liberalism. Democracy.
Neofascismo. Liberalismo Político. Democracia.
 
Description The article addresses the current challenge of neofascism to the political liberalism tradition. Constitutional governments, inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), created a form of collective post-national identity: the constitutional patriotism, according to the Habermasian appropriation of that concept. In Brazil, the 1988 Federal Constitution, and the institutions strengthened by it, values liberal democracy and encouraged the representation of politically minority forms of life. However, the 2016 Coup has weakened democratic institutions, which are still resisting, and has created an emptying of the common political culture established with constitutional patriotism. Such exhaustion gave rise to a conservative political movement promoted by a moral majority with neo-fascist and ultranationalist characteristics led by Jair Bolsonaro. Bolsonaro Administration tensions liberal democracy in view of an exclusivity in the conception of good life of the moral majority in bellicose opposition to the participation of political minorities in the spheres of power.
O artigo aborda o atual desafio do neofascismo à tradição do liberalismo político. Os governos constitucionais, inspirados na Declaração Universal dos Direitos Humanos (1948), criaram uma forma de identidade pós-nacional coletiva: o patriotismo constitucional, de acordo com a apropriação habermasiana desse conceito. No Brasil, a Constituição Federal de 1988 e as instituições fortalecidas por ela valorizam a democracia liberal e incentivam a representação de formas de vida politicamente minoritárias. No entanto, o golpe de 2016 enfraqueceu as instituições democráticas, que ainda resistem, e criou um esvaziamento da cultura política comum estabelecida com o patriotismo constitucional. Essa exaustão deu origem a um movimento político conservador promovido por uma maioria moral com características neofascistas e ultranacionalistas lideradas por Jair Bolsonaro. O governo Bolsonaro tensiona a democracia liberal em vista de uma exclusividade na concepção de boa vida da maioria moral em oposição belicosa à participação de minorias políticas nas esferas de poder.
 
Publisher SEER - Sistema Eletrônico de Editoração de Revistas
 
Date 2020-05-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Text
Texto
Texte
Texto
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://periodicos.ufms.br/index.php/reveleu/article/view/10148
 
Source Eleuthería - Revista do Curso de Filosofia da UFMS; v. 4 n. 07 (2019); 129 - 141
2527-1393
 
Language por
 
Relation https://periodicos.ufms.br/index.php/reveleu/article/view/10148/7448
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Revista Eleuthería (ελευθερία)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
 

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