People living with HIV/AIDS’s experiences receiving antiretroviral therapy: a phenomenological study

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title People living with HIV/AIDS’s experiences receiving antiretroviral therapy: a phenomenological study
Studi Fenomenologi: Pengalaman Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) yang Menjalani Terapi Antiretroviral
 
Creator Huzaimah, Nailiy
Pratiwi, Iva Gamar Dian
 
Subject HIV/AIDS
ARV
ART
PLWH
experience
HIV/AIDS
ARV
ART
ODHA
pengalaman
 
Description Antiretroviral (ARV) influences various side effects that cause discomfort both physical and psychosocial dimensions in people with HIV / AIDS (PLWHA). This study aims to explore and uncover the experiences of ODHA who are undergoing ARV therapy (ART) in Sumenep Regency. This research design was a qualitative phenomenological study. Data collection techniques used to interview and observation. Interviews were conducted with PLWH participants (n = 11), responsible people of HIV at the Community Health Center (CHC), and Public Health Office. Interview transcripts were thematically analyzed. The results of this study found 7 themes that describe the PLWH's experiences receiving ARV, those were comprehension of HIV / AIDS while the following ART,  the feelings of knowing HIV positive, experiences of stigmatization and discrimination, the main supporter in undergoing ART, prior experience starting ART, experiences during the improvement of ART, and efforts to reduce drug side effects. The conclusion of this study was the PLWHs' experiences were revealed in various stories based on the underlying perspective. Each individual's experience contains information, expressions of feelings, and hopes that need to be the focus of the attention of health workers in assisting and providing care for PLHIV who are on ART. Suggestions for further research are quantitative research using objective and more measurable instruments on basic knowledge, opportunistic infections, the severity of ART's side effects, CD4 cell counts, viral load, and psychological, social, and spiritual well-being related to PLWH receiving ARV.
Antiretroviral (ARV) telah diketahui menimbulkan berbagai efek samping yang menimbulkan ketidaknyamanan baik dimensi fisik maupun psikososial pada orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali dan mengungkap pengalaman ODHA yang sedang menjalani terapi ARV (ART) di Kabupaten Sumenep. Desain penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologis. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara dan observasi. Wawancara dilakukan pada partisipan ODHA (n= 11), penanggung jawab HIV di Puskesmas dan Dinas Kesehatan Masyarakat. Transkrip hasil wawancara dan observasi dianalisis secara tematik. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapatkan 7 tema yang menggambarkan pengalaman ODHA yang menjalani ART, yaitu pemahaman tentang HIV/AIDS selama menjalani ART, perasaan saat mengetahui positif HIV, pengalaman stigmatisasi dan diskriminasi, pendukung utama dalam menjalani ART, pengalaman sebelum memulai ART, pengalaman setelah menjalani ART, dan upaya mengurangi efek samping obat. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pengalaman ODHA yang mengikuti ART diungkapkan dalam berbagai cerita berdasarkan sudut pandang yang melatarbelakangi. Pengalaman masing-masing individu berisi suatu informasi, ungkapan perasaan, dan harapan yang perlu menjadi fokus perhatian tenaga kesehatan dalam mendampingi dan memberikan asuhan pada ODHA yang menjalani ART. Saran untuk penelitian selanjutnya adalah dilakukan penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan instrumen yang lebih terukur tentang pengetahuan ODHA, infeksi oportunistik, keparahan efek samping ART, jumlah CD4, jumlah virus, dan kesejahteraan psikologis, sosial, dan spiritual terkait dengan ODHA yang menerima ARV.
 
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2020-04-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/47
10.36590/jika.v2i1.47
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 1 April 2020; 19-29
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 2 No 1 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 1 April 2020; 19-29
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v2i1
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/47/24
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Nailiy Huzaimah, Iva Gamar Dian Pratiwi
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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