Physical Activity, Consumption of Salty Foods and the Occurrence of Hypertension in Coastal Communities in Medan City

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title Physical Activity, Consumption of Salty Foods and the Occurrence of Hypertension in Coastal Communities in Medan City
Aktivitas Fisik, Konsumsi Makanan Asin dan Kejadian Hipertensi Masyarakat Pesisir Kota Medan
 
Creator Siregar, Putra Apriadi
Simanjuntak, Saidah Fatimah Sari
Ginting, Feby Harianti
Tarigan, Sutari
Hanum, Shafira
Utami, Fikha Syra
 
Subject physical activity
salty food
coastal communities
hypertension
aktivitas fisik
makanan asin
masyarakat pesisir
hipertensi
 
Description Physical activity and consumption of salty foods are some of the factors associated with the incidence of hypertension. People who consume a lot of salty foods and have less physical activity will be at greater risk of being affected by hypertension. This study aimed to find a physical activity, consumption of salty foods and the incidence of hypertension based on sociocultural coastal communities in Medan in 2019. This study used a cross-sectional study approach. The subjects in this study were 90 people in Belawan II Village. The instrument used was the basic health Research questionnaire. This study presents data on frequency distribution and cross-tabulation between physical activity and food consumption with hypertension. The results showed that the majority of subjects in this study had hypertension were adults (25-59 years) as many as 66 people, research subjects doing moderate physical activity as many as 67 people, consuming salty foods often (≥1 time a day) as many as 40 people. Most of the subjects in this study who had hypertension rarely ate salty foods and undertook moderate physical activity (20.9%). It is expected that Belawan coastal communities will adopt a healthy lifestyle by reducing the consumption of salty foods and often doing physical activities in a day. Puskesmas staff is also expected to routinely check blood pressure levels and often give education about hypertension in the coastal communities of Medan City.
Aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi makanan asin merupakan salah satu faktor yang berkaitan dengan kejadian hipertensi. Masyarakat yang banyak mengkonsumsi makanan asin dan memiliki aktivitas fisik yang kurang akan beresiko tereka hipertensi lebih besar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran aktivitas fisik, konsumsi makanan asin dan kejadian hipertensi berdasarkan sosial budaya masyarakat pesisir di Kota Medan tahun 2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan studi cross-sectional. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah masyarakat Kelurahan Belawan II yang berjumlah 90 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Riskesdas 2018. Penelitian ini menyajikan data distribusi frekuensi dan tabulasi silang antara aktifitas fisik dan konsumsi makan dengan kejadian hipertensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas subjek dalam penelitian ini mengalami hipertensi adalah usia dewasa (25-59 tahun) sebanyak 66 orang, subjek penelitian yang melakukan aktifitas fisik sedang sebanyak 67 orang, konsumsi makanan asin sering (≥1 kali sehari) sebanyak 40 orang. Mayoritas subjek dalam penelitian ini mengalami hipertensi jarang mengonsumsi makanan asin dan melakukan aktivitas fisik sedang (20,9%). Diharapkan kepada masyarakat pesisir Belawan untuk melakukan pola hidup sehat dengan mengurangi konsumsi makanan asin serta sering melakukan aktivitas fisik dalam sehari. Petugas puskesmas juga diharapkan rutin melakukan pengecekan kadar tekanan darah serta sering memberikan edukasi tentang hipertensi pada masyarakat pesisir Kota Medan.
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2020-04-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/34
10.36590/jika.v2i1.34
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 1 April 2020; 1-8
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 2 No 1 (2020): Volume 2 Nomor 1 April 2020; 1-8
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v2i1
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/34/22
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Putra Apriadi Siregar
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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