Biogas Production from Corn Stover by Solid-State Anaerobic Co-digestion of Food Waste

Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Biogas Production from Corn Stover by Solid-State Anaerobic Co-digestion of Food Waste
 
Creator Shitophyta, Lukhi Mulia
Budiarti, Gita Indah
Nugroho, Yusuf Eko
Fajariyanto, Dika
 
Subject chemical engineering
biogas; lignocellulosic biomass; kinetic model; solid state; volatile solid
renewable nergy
 
Description Biogas telah menjadi bahan bakar alternatif untuk mengurangi kelangkaan bahan bakar fosil. Biogas dapat dihasilkan dari limbah makanan seperti tongkol jagung. Tongkol jagung merupakan biomassa lignoselulosa dan mengandung kandungan total solid (TS) >15%. Produksi biogas dilakukan dengan solid-state anaerobic digestion dengan penambahan co-digestion limbah makanan. Co-digestion berfungsi untuk membantu proses pemecahan tongkol jagung. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji pengaruh persentase limbah makanan, reduksi volatile solid (VS), dan model kinetika produksi biogas dari tongkol jagung. Hasil peneltiian menunjukkan bahwa limbah makanan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap yield biogas (p < 0,05). Yield biogas tertinggi sebesar 584,49 mL g-1 VS-1 dan reduksi VS tertinggi sebesar 40% diperoleh pada limbah makanan 20%. Model kinetika produksi biogas dari tongkol jagung dan limbah makanan mengikuti model kinetika orde pertama.Biogas has become an alternative fuel to reduce the lack of fossil fuel. Biogas can be produced from organic wastes such as corn stover. Corn stover is a typical lignocellulosic biomass and contains a total solid (TS) content higher of 15%. Biogas production was conducted by solid-state anaerobic digestion with addition co-digestion of food waste. Co-digestion is useful to help the digestion of corn stover. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of the percentage of food waste, volatile solid (VS) reduction, and kinetic model on biogas production from corn stover. Results showed that food waste had a significant effect on biogas yield (p < 0.05). The highest biogas yield of 584.49 mL g-1 VS-1 and the highest VS reduction of 40% was obtained at food waste of 20%. The kinetic model of biogas production from corn stover and food waste followed the first-order kinetic model.
 
Publisher Politeknik Negeri Malang
 
Contributor
 
Date 2020-04-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jtkl.polinema.ac.id/index.php/jtkl/article/view/125
10.33795/jtkl.v4i1.125
 
Source Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan; Vol 4, No 1 (2020): April 2020; 44-52
2579-9746
2579-8537
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jtkl.polinema.ac.id/index.php/jtkl/article/view/125/pdf
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Lukhi Mulia Shitophyta, Gita Indah Budiarti, Yusuf Eko Nugroho, Dika Fajariyanto
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library