INFLUENZA NEEDS AN APPROACH AS A ONE HEALTH PROBLEM IN COLOMBIA.

Acta Biológica Colombiana

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Title INFLUENZA NEEDS AN APPROACH AS A ONE HEALTH PROBLEM IN COLOMBIA.
INFLUENZA REQUIERE UN MANEJO BAJO LA PERSPECTIVA DE “ONE HEALTH” EN COLOMBIA.
INFLUENZA NEEDS AN APPROACH AS A ONE HEALTH PROBLEM IN COLOMBIA.
 
Creator Uribe Soto, Manuel
Gómez Ramírez, Arlen Patricia
Ramírez Nieto, Gloria Consuelo
 
Subject Host-Pathogen Interactions
Influenza A virus
Intersectoral Collaboration
Public Health
transmission
Veterinary
Colaboración intersectorial
Interacciones Huésped-Patógeno
Salud pública
transmisión
virus de la influenza tipo A
Veterinaria
Host-Pathogen Interactions
Influenza A virus
Intersectoral Collaboration
Public Health
transmission
Veterinary
 
Description Influenza is an important viral disease of worldwide distribution. It is caused by the Alfainfluenzavirus or influenza virus type A (IAV). A segmented ssRNA genome in the influenza viruses confers high variability and reassortment capability to the virus. That and the broad range of susceptible hosts, along with the possibility of inter-species transmission, represents a challenge to human and animal health. The IAV is able to infect a large variety of hosts such as several wild and domestic avian and mammalian species, including humans, as well as reptiles and amphibians, among others. There are 16 hemagglutinin (HA) and 9 neuraminidase (NA) subtypes recognized until know, whose main reservoir are the wild aquatic birds. In addition, two new subtypes (H17-18 and N10-11) have been recognized in bats, and these have been designated as influenza-like viruses. Taking this into account and knowing the richness of biodiversity in Colombia, there is an imperative need to study and to know about the IAV circulating in the field  in order to establish risk factors and to analyze the past, the current and the future effect that climate change, sociodemographic factors and the role that different species could play in the eco-biology of this viral agent. This should be considered under the one health concept of influenza virus infection as a whole, considering the fact that Colombia is a country in which the circulation of IAV has been demonstrated in the swine and human population and there are preliminary results of the presence of Orthomyxovirus in bats.
La influenza es una infección viral de importancia y distribución mundial, cuyo agente causal es el Alfainfluenzavirus o influenza virus tipo A (IAV). El cual se caracteriza por poseer un genoma de tipo ssRNA segmentado, lo cual le confiere una alta variabilidad y capacidad recombinante. Esto, sumado al amplio rango de huéspedes susceptibles y la posibilidad de transmisión entre especies, se constituye en un reto tanto para la salud humana como animal. El IAV es capaz de infectar una amplia variedad de huéspedes, incluyendo múltiples especies de aves y mamíferos, tanto domésticos como salvajes y al humano, así como a reptiles y anfibios, entre otros. Dentro de los Alphainfluenzavirus se reconocen 16 subtipos de Hemaglutinina (HA) y 9 de Neuraminidasa (NA), siendo su principal reservorio las aves silvestres acuáticas. Adicionalmente se han reconocido dos nuevos subtipos en murciélagos (H17-18 y N10-11), los cuales se han denominado Influenza-like virus. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior y conocedores de la riqueza en biodiversidad que posee Colombia, país en el que está demostrada la circulación del virus en cerdos y en humanos y hay resultados preliminares de la presencia de Orthomyxovirus en murciélagos, es imperativo estudiar y conocer los IAV circulantes en el medio, establecer factores de riesgo y analizar el efecto que ha tenido y seguirán teniendo condiciones asociadas al cambio climático, los factores sociodemográficos y el papel de diferentes especies en la ecología de este agente viral. Todo lo anterior bajo el contexto de “una salud” en la infección por IAV.
Influenza is an important viral disease of worldwide distribution. It is caused by the Alfainfluenzavirus or influenza virus type A (IAV). A segmented ssRNA genome in the influenza viruses confers high variability and reassortment capability to the virus. That and the broad range of susceptible hosts, along with the possibility of inter-species transmission, represents a challenge to human and animal health. The IAV is able to infect a large variety of hosts such as several wild and domestic avian and mammalian species, including humans, as well as reptiles and amphibians, among others. There are 16 hemagglutinin (HA) and 9 neuraminidase (NA) subtypes recognized until know, whose main reservoir are the wild aquatic birds. In addition, two new subtypes (H17-18 and N10-11) have been recognized in bats, and these have been designated as influenza-like viruses. Taking this into account and knowing the richness of biodiversity in Colombia, there is an imperative need to study and to know about the IAV circulating in the field  in order to establish risk factors and to analyze the past, the current and the future effect that climate change, sociodemographic factors and the role that different species could play in the eco-biology of this viral agent. This should be considered under the one health concept of influenza virus infection as a whole, considering the fact that Colombia is a country in which the circulation of IAV has been demonstrated in the swine and human population and there are preliminary results of the presence of Orthomyxovirus in bats.
 
Publisher Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá - Faculdad de Ciencias - Departamento de Biología
 
Date 2020-09-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
"Artículo revisado por pares"
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/actabiol/article/view/79364
10.15446/abc.v25n3.79364
 
Source Acta Biológica Colombiana; Vol. 25 Núm. 3 (2020); 421 - 430
Acta Biológica Colombiana; Vol. 25 No. 3 (2020); 421 - 430
1900-1649
0120-548X
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/actabiol/article/view/79364/PDF
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