Platelet Count Increment after Transfusion of Fresh and Stored Platelet Concentrates in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

Haematology Journal of Bangladesh

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Title Platelet Count Increment after Transfusion of Fresh and Stored Platelet Concentrates in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
Creator Ahmed, Alamgir
Ali, Mohammed
Islam, AKM Mynul
Rahman, Mohammad Mizanur
Biswas, Jolly
Rahman, Md. Quddusur
Subject Platelet count increment
Fresh platelet concentrates transfusion
stored platelet concentrate
Description Background: Therapeutic platelet transfusion is necessary to prevent bleeding due to thrombocytopenia in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Platelet concentrates may be transfused as fresh platelet concentrate immediately or with five days of storage after collection Objectives: To compare the platelet count increment between fresh and stored platelet concentrate transfusion in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.  Methodology: This observational study was carried out in the Department of Clinical Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, in collaboration with the Department of Transfusion Medicine and Paediatric Haemato-Oncology, BSMMU, Dhaka. Seventy-two children diagnosed as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia were included in this study. ABO identical whole-blood derived platelet-rich-plasma platelet concentrates (PRP-PCs) were transfused within 24 hours of preparation or 1-5 days of storage. Effectiveness of platelet transfusion was carried out by measuring platelet count prior to transfusion, subsequently 1 hour and 24 hours of transfusion. Result: Post transfusion platelet count at 1 hour and 24 hours with fresh platelet concentrates (FPC) and stored platelet concentrates (SPC) were not statistically significant. Post transfusion platelet increment at 1 hour and 24 hours were also similar in both FPC and SPC. Corrected count increment (CCI) at 1 hour in FPC and SPC were 20.5±10.1 and 18.6 ±6.5 respectively and was statistically not significant (P: 0.168). CCI at 24 hours were 15.5±9.1 and 13±5.8 which were also statistically not significant. Percentage platelet recovery at 1 hour and 24 hours in both FPC and SPC were statistically not significant. But these values in SPC were consistently lower than that of FPC. All the values of FPC and SPC were well apart from the lower limit of CCI and percentage platelet recovery (PPR). It was also observed that 85.1% satisfactory platelet transfusion was achieved with FPC and rest of 14.9% was platelet refractory cases. In 79.5% cases satisfactory platelet transfusion were achieved with SPC and refractory cases were 20.5 %.  Conclusion: One to five day’s stored PRP-PCs are as effective as fresh PRP-PCs to achieve satisfactory platelet increment.
Publisher Haematology Society of Bangladesh
Date 2020-05-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-Reviewed Article
Format text/html
Source Haematology Journal of Bangladesh; Vol. 2 No. 01 (2018); 8-13
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Alamgir Ahmed, Mohammed Ali, AKM Mynul Islam, Mohammad Mizanur Rahman, Jolly Biswas, Md. Quddusur Rahman

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