Case Management of Decreased Body Temperature in Children with Typhoid Fever

Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian

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Title Case Management of Decreased Body Temperature in Children with Typhoid Fever
Manajemen Kasus Penurunan Suhu Tubuh pada Anak dengan Demam Tifus
 
Creator Nurkhasanah, Uswah
Taamu, Taamu
Atoy, Lena
 
Subject Asuhan
Keperawatan
Demam thypoid
Anak
Kompres hangat
 
Description Typhoid fever is an acute infectious disease that usually affects the digestive tract with symptoms of fever that lasts more than one week, indigestion, and impaired consciousness (Lestari, 2016). Giving a warm compress in the axilla area has a good effect in reducing body temperature in children with fever because that area has large blood vessels. In Indonesia in 2013 the number of typhoid fever sufferers was 9,747 in hospitalized patients (Ministry of Health, 2013). Kendari City Hospital noted that there were 199 cases of typhoid in children in 2016, 234 cases in 2017, and 229 cases in 2018 (Medical Records and SIRS of Kendari City Hospital). Objective: To describe nursing care in children with typhoid fever in decreasing body temperature. Methods: In this study, researchers used a descriptive study, namely a case study. Results: Nursing diagnosis, namely hyperthermia associated with disease. After 3x24 hours of nursing care, the results obtained evaluation of temperature 37.0ºC, pulse 100 times / minute, breathing 20 times / minute, blood pressure 110/70 mmHg, and no increase in skin temperature. Bottom Line: a warm compress can treat an increase in body temperature.
Demam Thypoid adalah adalah penyakit infeksi akut yang biasanya mengenai saluran pencernaan dengan gejala demam yang lebih dari satu minggu, gangguan pada pencernaan, dan gangguan kesadaran (Lestari, 2016). Pemberian kompres hangat didaerah axilla mempunyai pengaruh yang baik dalam menurunkan suhu tubuh pada anak demam karena didaerah tersebut memiliki pembuluh darah yang besar. Di Indonesia pada tahun 2013 jumlah penderita demam thypoid sebesar 9.747 kasus pada penderita rawat inap (Kemenkes, 2013). RSUD Kota Kendari mencatat bahwa penderita thypoid pada anak tahun 2016 sebanyak 199 kasus, tahun 2017 sebanyak 234 kasus, dan pada tahun 2018 sebanyak 229 kasus (Rekam Medik dn SIRS RSUD Kota Kendari). Tujuan: Untuk menggambarkan asuhan keperawatan pada anak demam thypoid dalam penurunan suhu tubuh. Metode: Pada penelitian ini peneliti menggunakan penelitian deskriptif yaitu dengan studi kasus. Hasil: Diagnosa Keperwatan yaitu hipertermi berhubungan dengan penyakit. Setelah dilakukan asuhan keperawatan 3x24 jam didapatkan evaluasi hasil suhu 37,0ºC, nadi 100 kali/menit, pernapasan 20 kali/menit, tekanan darah 110/70 mmHg, dan tidak ada peningkatan suhu kulit. Kesimpulan: kompres hangat dapat mengatasi peningkatan suhu tubuh.
 
Publisher Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari
 
Date 2019-06-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Artikel Reviu Komunitas
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/109
10.36990/hijp.v11i1.109
 
Source Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Januari-Juni; 41-47
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol 11 No 1 (2019): Januari-Juni; 41-47
2622-5905
2085-0840
10.36990/hijp.v11i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/109/68
 
Rights Hak Cipta (c) 2019 Uswah Nurkhasanah, Taamu, Lena Atoy
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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