Determinants of 6-24 Months Child Stunting in South Central Timor District, East Nusa Tenggara Province

Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian

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Title Determinants of 6-24 Months Child Stunting in South Central Timor District, East Nusa Tenggara Province
Determinan Stunting Anak 6-24 Bulan di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur
 
Creator Koro, Suriana
Hadju, Veni
As'ad, Suryani
Bahar, Baharuddin
 
Subject Stunting
Anak usia 6 -24 bulan
 
Description Nutritional problems in children under five are still a public health problem if the prevalence of stunting is> 20%. The prevalence of stunting in general in the world is also a public health problem because it is still 26%. Nationally, the prevalence of stunting in children under five in Indonesia is 37.2%. This means that the problem of nutrition in Indonesia is still a serious public health problem. Meanwhile, the proportion of children under five with stunting is 48.2% in NTT Province, including a critical public health problem. Based on this background, this study aims to determine the determinants of stunting of children 6-24 months in South Central Timor District, East Nusa Tenggara Province. B This research is an observational study with a cross-sectional design. The research was carried out in nine sub-districts of Timor Tengah Selatan Regency. Baduta food consumption data were obtained through consumption recall, while other data were obtained through questionnaires by enumerators. Analysis of nutrients in food using a food processor 2 (FP2). The statistical test used is Chi-Square. The number of respondents studied was 3480 children, with stunting and severe stunting as many as 1416 children (40.7%), most of whom were boys, as many as 1870 children (53.7%), for 12-24 months there were 1916 children, (1%), where the results of the chi square test are significant p <0.05. Education of mothers and fathers, respectively 1827 people (52.5%) and 1754 people (50.4%) with basic education did not complete and graduated from junior high school, with the majority of jobs being mother farmers (83.3%) and fathers (65.0%), most of the socio-economic conditions are low (83.5%). Maternal TB was significant (p = 0.000) as well as parity and birth spacing, the results of the chi-square test were significantly significant, p <0.005, while exclusive breastfeeding was only 596 people (17.1%). Nutritional needs did not reach the Recommended dietary allowance. (RDA) <80% RDA, energy intake (90.3%), protein (82.6%), fat (97.9%) and KH (82.0%). History of diarrhea (17.4%), fever (32.6%), shortness of breath (2.3%), cough (31.0%) and runny nose (29.2%) and the results of the chi-square test were only fever. Significant with p = 0.016. The logistic regression results showed that gender and maternal height were the most associated with stunting nutritional status. The determinant factors of stunting were the child's age, sex, mother's education, maternal occupation, mother's height, parity, birth spacing, protein intake and a history of fever.
Masalah gizi pada balita masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat  jika prevalensi pendek (stunting) >20%. Prevalensi stunting secara umum didunia juga termasuk pada masalah kesehatan masyarakat karena masih sebesar 26%. Secara nasional prevalensi stunting pada balita di Indonesia  adalah 37,2%. Hal ini berarti bahwa masalah gizi di Indonesia masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang serius Sementara proporsi balita stunting  48,2%  di Provinsi NTT termasuk masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang kritis. Berdasarkan latar belakang tersebut, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan stunting anak 6 – 24 bulan di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.bPenelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan potong lintang. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Sembilan wilayah kecamatan Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan. Data  konsumsi makanan baduta diperoleh melalui recall konsumsi, sedangkan data  lainnya diperoleh melalui kuisioner oleh tenaga enumerator. Analisis zat gizi pada makanan menggunakan food processor 2 (FP2). Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah chi-Square. Jumlah responden yang diteliti sebanyak 3480 anak, yang stunting dan severe stunting sebanyak 1416 anak (40,7%), sebagian besar adalah laki-laki sebanyak 1870 anak (53,7%), untuk umur 12 - 24 bulan sebanyak 1916 anak (55,1%), dimana hasil uji chi square signifikan p < 0,05. Pendidikan ibu dan bapak masing-masing 1827 orang (52,5%) dan 1754 orang (50,4%) berpendidikan dasar tidak tamat dan tamat SMP dengan pekerjaan yang mayoritas petani  ibu(83,3%) dan bapak (65,0%), sosial ekonomi sebagian besar tergolong rendah (83,5%). TB ibu bermakna secara signifikan (p = 0,000) begitupun dengan paritas dan jarak kelahiran diperoleh hasil uji chi-square bermakna secara signifikan p < 0,005, sementara memberikan ASI Eksklusif hanya 596 orang (17,1%) Kebutuhan zat gizi tidak mencapai Recommended dieatery allowanced (RDA) <80% AKG, asupan energy (90,3%), protein (82,6%), Lemak (97,9%) dan KH (82,0%). Riwayat penyakit diare (17,4%), demam (32,6%), sesak (2,3%), batuk (31,0%) dan beringus (29,2%) dan hasil uji chi-square hanya demam yang bermakna dengan p = 0,016.  Hasil logictic regresi diperoleh faktor jenis kelamin dan tinggi ibu yang paling berhubungan dengan status gizi stunting. faktor determinan stunting adalah usia anak, jenis kelamin, pendidikan ibu, pekerjaan ibu, tinggi ibu, paritas, jarak kelahiran, asupan protein dan  riwayat penyakit demam.
 
Publisher Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari
 
Date 2018-06-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-Reviewed Article
Artikel Reviu Komunitas
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/1
10.36990/hijp.v10i1.1
 
Source Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol. 10 No. 1 (2018): Januari-Juni (Digitalisasi Versi Cetak); 1-10
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol 10 No 1 (2018): Januari-Juni (Digitalisasi Versi Cetak); 1-10
2622-5905
2085-0840
10.36990/hijp.v10i1
 
Language ind
 
Relation http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/1/1
 
Rights Hak Cipta (c) 2018 Suriana Koro, Veni Hadju, Suryani As'ad, Baharuddin Bahar
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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