Antifungal Activity of Copper, Zinc and Potassium Compounds on Mycelial Growth and Conidial Germination of Fusarium solani f. sp. piperis

Microbiology Research Journal International

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Title Antifungal Activity of Copper, Zinc and Potassium Compounds on Mycelial Growth and Conidial Germination of Fusarium solani f. sp. piperis
 
Creator dos Santos, Renata Aparecida Ahnert
D’Addazio, Verônica
Silva, João Vitor Garcia
Falqueto, Antelmo Ralph
Barreto da Silva, Marcelo
Schmildt, Edilson Romais
Fernandes, Adriano Alves
 
Description Fusariosis is a disease that causes economic damage to black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) producers. Despite being a major disease, there is no record of efficient chemical control. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the antifungal activity of copper, zinc and potassium compounds in mycelial growth and conidial germination of Fusarium solani f. sp. piperis in vitro. For inoculation in PDA (Potato Dextrose Agar) medium, 7 mm discs from the pure culture were transferred to Petri dishes. The plates were incubated at 25ºC in a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) chamber, with photoperiod of 12 h, for 15 days. Micronutrients were supplied as sulfates, CuSO4 (copper sulfate) and ZnSO4 (zinc sulfate), at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mmol/L. Potassium macronutrient (K) was supplied as KCl (potassium chloride) at concentrations of 30, 60, 90,120 and 150 mmol/L. The experiment was performed using a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and ten replications. CuSO4 showed fungicidal effect at concentrations of 10, 15 and 20 mmol/L. For ZnSO4 mycelial growth was completely inhibited at concentrations of 15 and 20 mmol/L. There was no inhibition or reduction of fungal growth in the presence of K. Copper and zinc at minimal concentrations were efficient in controlling mycelial growth and inhibition of spore germination of F. solani f. sp. piperis. In contrast, potassium did not exert fungicidal or fungistatic effect on the fungus.
 
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
 
Date 2019-12-16
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30179
10.9734/mrji/2019/v29i630179
 
Source Microbiology Research Journal International; 2019 - Volume 29 [Issue 6]; 1-11
2456-7043
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30179/56629
http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30179/56630
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 © 2019 Santos et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

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