Degradation Kinetics of Microbial Consortium Isolated from Diesel Oil Impacted Soil in Delta Park, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Microbiology Research Journal International

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Degradation Kinetics of Microbial Consortium Isolated from Diesel Oil Impacted Soil in Delta Park, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
 
Creator Udume, Ogochukwu Ann
Effiong, Enobong
Abu, Gideon Orkwagh
 
Description Heavy-duty generators constitute a form of hydrocarbon pollution but enrich microorganisms to having degradative ability of hydrocarbons hence can be used for remediation. In this study a laboratory treatability (biodegradation screening) study was employed to investigate the hydrocarbon degradation competence of bacteria and fungi. Culture-dependent microbiological and physicochemical analyses was conducted on the soil samples obtained from the polluted site. The total aerobic heterotrophic bacterial and fungi counts increased from 5.0-7.5 (Log10 cfu/mL) between day 0-14 then reduced to 6.5 Log10 cfu/mL. The hydrocarbon-utilizing bacteria increased from 4.5-5.2 (Log10 cfu/mL). Percentage degradation hydrocarbons, attributed to fungi bacteria and bacteria/fungi consortia, were 42.3%, 54% and 70% respectively while the control had 6.0%. The total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) removal rate (K) was modelled using the first order kinetics:  y=-0.0398x+9.79; K=0.0398d-1. These results, correspond to a degradation efficiency of 70% and t1/2 of 17 days for the bacterial/fungal consortium. The K values for the other setups were 0.019 d-1, 0.0261 d-1 and 0.0022 d-1 with the corresponding degradation efficiencies of 42%, 54% and 6.01% and half-life of 37 days, 27 days and 315 days for fungi, bacteria and control respectively. This result indicates that the use of microbial consortia has high potentials in remediation of hydrocarbons and other pollutants of concern.
 
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
 
Date 2019-11-09
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30173
10.9734/mrji/2019/v29i530173
 
Source Microbiology Research Journal International; 2019 - Volume 29 [Issue 5]; 1-15
2456-7043
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30173/56619
http://journalmrji.com/index.php/MRJI/article/view/30173/56620
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 © 2019 Udume et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library