Risk Factors in Chronic Diseases. An Active Epidemiological Surveillance System: One step further with the stepwise model

Revista Salud Bosque

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Title Risk Factors in Chronic Diseases. An Active Epidemiological Surveillance System: One step further with the stepwise model
 
Creator Rodríguez, Gabriel Tadeo
 
Subject enfermedades crónicas, enfermedades no transmisibles, vigilancia epidemiológica, factores de riesgo, salud públicalancia activa, stepwise.
 
Description It has long been known that chronic diseases are often the result of prolonged exposure to certain environmental, lifestyle or socio-economic factors. It is also recognized that chronic diseases can be prevented, detected and controlled; but the reality is that the disease profile in a developing country like Colombia demonstrates a large burden of chronic diseases, reflected in most of its communities. This problem is also the result of an erroneous public health approach, focusing on medical treatment for the later stages of the disease, living prevention to a secondary role. At the individual level, a health system like Colombian’s framework do not perform enough work and efforts for early detection and rapid actions to address modifiable risk factors. Individual and population-based measures against chronic disease risk factors are carried out sporadically for some people, but not as a preventive public policy. Therefore, complimenting the need for activities on the determinants of population health, the purpose of this proposal is directed to the management and control of these deficiencies through the implementation of an active surveillance system. Using the World Health Organization step-by-step model as the conceptual framework, this specific surveillance system is established as a new strategy through which health data at the community level can be analyzed, expanded, and integrated into existing general public health surveillance and the infrastructure of the Colombian’s health programs. As a result, this document intends to lay out the foundations for these new strategic tools to inform suitable planning with the adaptation of interventions; aiming at achieving optimal early detection and rapid intervention of risk factors. Closing these gaps should be another step towards reaching a preventive approach to address the enormous burden of chronic diseases for the Colombian population.
Desde buen tiempo atrás, es conocido que las enfermedades crónicas suelen ser consecuencia de una exposición prolongada a ciertos factores ambientales, de estilo de vida o socioeconómicos. Igualmente, se reconoce que las enfermedades crónicas pueden prevenirse, detectarse y controlarse. La realidad es que el perfil de la enfermedad en Colombia demuestra una gran carga de enfermedades crónicas reflejadas en la mayoría de sus comunidades. Este problema es también el resultado de un enfoque de salud pública erróneo, centrado en el tratamiento médico para las últimas etapas de la enfermedad, dejando a la prevención un papel secundario. A nivel individual, los marcos del sistema de salud colombiano no realizan el trabajo y los esfuerzos suficientes para la detección temprana y las acciones rápidas para abordar los factores de riesgo modificables. Los medidas individuales y poblacionales contra factores de riesgo de enfermedades crónicas,  se llevan a cabo esporádicamente para algunas personas, pero no como una política pública preventiva. Por lo tanto, complementando la necesidad de actividades sobre los determinantes de la salud poblacional, el propósito de esta propuesta está dirigido al manejo y control de estas deficiencias mediante la implementación de un sistema de vigilancia activa. Teniendo el modelo paso a paso de la Organización Mundial de la Salud como marco conceptual, este sistema de vigilancia específico se establece como una nueva estrategia mediante la cual los datos de salud a nivel comunitario pueden analizarse, ampliarse e integrarse en la vigilancia de salud pública general existente y la infraestructura del programa de salud colombiano. Como resultado, este documento tiene la intención de establecer los fundamentos de estas nuevas herramientas estratégicas para informar la planificación territorial con la adaptación de las intervenciones, con el objetivo de lograr una detección temprana óptima y una rápida intervención de los factores de riesgo. Cerrar estas brechas debe ser otro paso hacia el logro de un enfoque preventivo como abordaje de la enorme carga de enfermedades crónicas para la población colombiana.
 
Publisher Universidad El Bosque
 
Date 2019-12-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistasaludbosque.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2791
10.18270/rsb.v9i2.2791
 
Source Revista Salud Bosque; Vol 9 No 2 (2019): Volumen 9. Número 2. Año 2019; 7-20
Revista Salud Bosque; ##issue.vol## 9 ##issue.no## 2 (2019): Volumen 9. Número 2. Año 2019; 7-20
Revista Salud Bosque; Vol. 9 Núm. 2 (2019): Volumen 9. Número 2. Año 2019; 7-20
2322-9462
2248-5759
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://revistasaludbosque.unbosque.edu.co/article/view/2791/2238
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