KESULITAN SISWA DALAM MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH PENJUMLAHAN DAN PENGURANGAN DENGAN METODE JARIMATIKA DAN PEMBERIAN SCAFFOLDINGNYA

INSPIRAMATIKA: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika

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Title KESULITAN SISWA DALAM MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH PENJUMLAHAN DAN PENGURANGAN DENGAN METODE JARIMATIKA DAN PEMBERIAN SCAFFOLDINGNYA
 
Creator Hamidah, Siti Daiyatul
Shodikin, Ali
Amiroch, Siti
 
Description This study aims to determine the difficulty and the provision of appropriate scaffolding used by students in solving addition and subtraction problems with the Jarimatic method. As for the difficulties of students analyzed in the form of fact errors, operational errors, and principle errors as well as the form of scaffolding conducted, namely explaining, reviewing, and restructuring. The subjects in this study were 32 first grade students at SDN Sumurber. The instruments in the study were written tests and interviews. The results of this study are (1) errors of fact students still have difficulty in operating fingers, (2) errors of operation where there are still many students who still have difficulty in calculating addition and subtraction operations, (3) and principle errors occur in some more students likes to count with chimera and haste. Scafolding provided includes explaining, reviewing, and restructuring.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kesulitan serta pemberian scaffolding yang tepat digunakan siswa dalam menyelesaikan masalah penjumlahan dan pengurangan dengan metode jarimatika. Adapun kesulitan siswa yang dianalisis dalam bentuk kesalahan fakta, kesalahan operasi, dan kesalahan prinsip serta bentuk scaffolding yang dilakukan yaitu explaining, reviewing, dan restructuring. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah 32 siswa kelas I SDN Sumurber. Instrumen dalam penelitian adalah tes tertulis dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1) kesalahan fakta siswa masih kesulitan dalam mengoperasikan jari tangan, (2) kesalahan operasi dimana masih banyak siswa yang masih kesulitan dalam melakukan operasi hitung penjumlahan dan pengurangan jarimatika, (3) dan kesalahan prinsip terjadi pada beberapa siswa yang lebih suka menghitung dengan angan-angan dan tergesa-gesa. Scafolding yang diberikan diantaranya explaining, reviewing, dan restructuring.
 
Publisher Prodi Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Islam Darul Ulum
 
Date 2019-12-20
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Identifier http://e-jurnal.unisda.ac.id/index.php/Inspiramatika/article/view/1752
 
Source INSPIRAMATIKA; Vol 5 No 2 (2019): Inspiramatika, December 2019
2579-9061
2477-278X
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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