American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A Pleomorphic Disease with Unusual Clinical Presentations - Report of Three Cases

International Archives of Medicine

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Title American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A Pleomorphic Disease with Unusual Clinical Presentations - Report of Three Cases
Creator Chichester, Alianne Violet Alves
dos Reis, Ana Luísa Mendes
Castanheira, Amanda Teixeira Labelle
Nascimento, Carlos Victor da Silva
Biasi, Beatriz Hosana
Lodi, Victoria Juliana Campos
Cunha, Alyne Condurú dos Santos
Ribeiro, Murilo Eduardo Soares
Loureiro, Walter Refkalefsky
Palheta, Caroline Da Silva Alves
dos Santos, Maria Amélia Lopes
Yassui, Edna Aoba
Carneiro, Francisca Regina de Oliveira
Pires, Carla Andréa Avelar
Description Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an infectious disease caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the anopheline mosquito. This study focused on describe three cases of atypical clinical presentations on patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis from Dermatology Department of the State University of the State of Pará. 
Methods and Findings: Three patients assisted at a referral service between 2017 and 2019 are reported, based on clinical interview, histopathological analysis and polymerase chain reaction. On the first patient, it was observed keratotic erythematous vegetative plaque measuring 10x8 cm, with satellite lesions, in the left lower limb; the second patient presented an erythematous infiltrated plaque with crusts, on left ear for 6 months, with progressive growth; the third patient showed erythematous infiltrated plaques, sometimes ulcerated, in the trunk and face, with a zosteriform aspect. All three patients had the diagnosis confirmed by polymerase chain reaction and histopathological analysis.
Conclusions: The wide range of clinical manifestations may be related to factors such as: use of immunosuppressive drugs, concomitant infections with more than one variety of Leishmania spp. and association with other systemic diseases, with HIV co-infection and diabetes being the main associated diseases. Thus, it is always necessary to evaluate such comorbidities on patients with leishmaniasis suspection, in order to avoid misdiagnosis.  
Publisher International Medical Society
Date 2020-01-19
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source International Archives of Medicine; Vol 13 (2020)
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Alianne Violet Alves Chichester, Ana Luísa Mendes dos Reis, Amanda Teixeira Labelle Castanheira, Carlos Victor da Silva Nascimento, Beatriz Hosana Biasi, Victoria Juliana Campos Lodi, Alyne Condurú dos Santos Cunha, Murilo Eduardo Soares Ribeiro, Walter Refkalefsky Loureiro, Caroline Da Silva Alves Palheta, Maria Amélia Lopes dos Santos, Edna Aoba Yassui, Francisca Regina de Oliveira Carneiro, Carla Andréa Avelar Pires (Author)

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