Peningkatan Mutu Fisiologis Benih Padi Lokal Jambi melalui Invigorasi

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Peningkatan Mutu Fisiologis Benih Padi Lokal Jambi melalui Invigorasi
Physiological Quality Improvement of Jambi Local Rice Seeds through Invigoration
 
Creator Primilestari, Suci
Salvia, Eva
Perdani, Ambar Yuswi
 
Description Kemunduran benih merupakan suatu peristiwa yang pasti terjadi. Penanaman padi lokal oleh petani umumnya menggunakan benih yang berasal dari sisa hasil panen sebelumnya dan telah melewati tahap penyimpanan sebelum ditanam kembali. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui materi invigorasi hydropriming yang optimal dalam meningkatkan mutu fisiologis beberapa varietas padi lokal Jambi. Perlakuan diterapkan pada rancangan acak lengkap faktorial dengan 3 ulangan. Faktor 1 adalah varietas padi: Padi karya, Kuning Betung, Kuning Kerinci dan Gadis Jambi. Faktor 2 adalah invigorasi yang terdiri atas: kontrol (aquadest), larutan bawang merah dan larutan air kelapa muda. Sebanyak 30 butir benih untuk setiap satuan percobaan direndam selama 24 jam. Benih ditanam pada media kertas saring lembab dengan metode uji di atas kertas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada interaksi nyata antara varietas dan invigorasi terhadap perkecambahan benih padi lokal yang diuji. Perlakuan invigorasi menggunakan air kelapa nyata berpengaruh pada panjang akar, panjang plumula, panjang kecambah normal dan indeks vigor padi lokal. Varietas Kuning Betung memberikan tanggapan terbaik terhadap invigorasi. Perlakuan invigorasi merupakan upaya untuk memperbaiki performa benih sehingga mengurangi resiko kegagalan di lapangan, diharapkan berimplikasi terhadap peningkatan produksi padi.
Seed decline is a certain occurrence. Local rice variety planting by farmers generally uses seeds from the previous crop and has been stored for a long time before being replanted. This study aimed to determine the optimal hydropriming invigoration material in improving the physiological quality of some Jambi local rice varieties. The treatment was applied to factorial complete randomized design with 3 replications. 1st factor was rice varieties: Padi Karya, Kuning Betung, Kuning Kerinci, and Gadis Jambi. 2nd factor was invigoration consisting of control (aqua dest), red onion solution and a solution of young coconut water. A total of 30 seeds for each experimental unit were soaked for 24 hours. Seeds were planted on moist filter paper media according to a test method on paper. Results showed that there were no significant interactions between varieties and invigoration on the germination of local rice seeds tested. The invigoration treatment using coconut water significantly affected root length, plumula length, normal sprout length, and local rice vigor index. Kuning Betung variety provides the best response to invigoration. Invigoration treatment is an effort to improve seed performance to reduce the risk of failure on field plantation, expected to have the implications for increasing rice production.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2019-11-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/74
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2.74
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 84-90
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 84-90
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/74/36
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Suci Primilestari, Eva Salvia, Ambar Yuswi Perdani
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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