The Effects of Fertilizer Treatment, Rhizome Seed Size, and Day of Harvest In Java Turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.)

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title The Effects of Fertilizer Treatment, Rhizome Seed Size, and Day of Harvest In Java Turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.)
The Effects of Fertilizer Treatment, Rhizome Seed Size, and Day of Harvest In Java Turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.)
 
Creator Adi, Eko Binnaryo Mei
Mulyaningsih, Enung Sri
 
Description Java turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) is cultivated as a secondary crop, resulting in variable rhizome quality which can be increased by suitable cultivation methods. This study investigated the effect of different cultivation methods on the rhizome yield of Java turmeric. Different fertilizer treatments(none, organic, inorganic, and semi-organic fertilizer), three groups of rhizome seed size (small (50–80 g), medium (100–150 g), and large (200–250 g)) and three groups of harvesting age (eight, ten, and twelve months after planting) were evaluated in a split plot design experiment. Results show that large rhizome seed size together with organic fertilizer treatment increased secondary rhizome production, yielding the highest number, weight and diameter. As high levels of starch in the primary rhizome are crucial for growth of the plant, the use of large rhizomes for propagation is indicated in Java turmeric cultivation. The highest weight and number of primary rhizomes were yielded when plants were harvested twelve months after planting.
Java turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) is cultivated as a secondary crop, resulting in variable rhizome quality which can be increased by suitable cultivation methods. This study investigated the effect of different cultivation methods on the rhizome yield of Java turmeric. Different fertilizer treatments(none, organic, inorganic, and semi-organic fertilizer), three groups of rhizome seed size (small (50–80 g), medium (100–150 g), and large (200–250 g)) and three groups of harvesting age (eight, ten, and twelve months after planting) were evaluated in a split plot design experiment. Results show that large rhizome seed size together with organic fertilizer treatment increased secondary rhizome production, yielding the highest number, weight and diameter. As high levels of starch in the primary rhizome are crucial for growth of the plant, the use of large rhizomes for propagation is indicated in Java turmeric cultivation. The highest weight and number of primary rhizomes were yielded when plants were harvested twelve months after planting.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2019-11-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/49
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2.49
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 91-97
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 91-97
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/49/37
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Eko Binnaryo Mei Adi
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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