Produksi bio-oil dan bio-arang dari mata kayu industri pulp melalui pirolisis [Production of bio-oil and bio-char from knot in pulp mill through pyrolysis]

Jurnal Riset Industri Hasil Hutan

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Title Produksi bio-oil dan bio-arang dari mata kayu industri pulp melalui pirolisis [Production of bio-oil and bio-char from knot in pulp mill through pyrolysis]
 
Creator Syamsudin, Syamsudin; Balai Besar Pulp dan Kertas
 
Subject knot; pulp mill; pyrolysis; bio-oil
 
Description Acacia mangium knotis one of the biomass reject produced from the wood chemical pulping processes. This raw material is suitable for the production of bio-oil and bio-char in competitive costs. Utilization of the knot for the production of bio-oil and bio-char makes pulp mill as a bio-refining system with many profitable products because of increased income from bio-oil and bio-char and reduced costs for solid waste disposal. This study aims to evaluate the pyrolysis of knots from the kraft pulp mill to produce bio-oil and bio-char. Pyrolysis experiments of Acacia mangium knotwere carried out using laboratory-scale fluidized bed reactors at 400oC for 30 minutes. Acacia mangium knot contains volatile matterof 69.90% (dried basis) with a calorific value of 4279 kcal/kg (dried basis) has potency to produce bio-oil through the pyrolysis process. The TG-DTG analysis with heating rate of 10oC/min showed the pyrolysis reaction at temperature of 200oC-750oC resulting in a mass decreasing from 90% to 30% or around 85% of total conversion. The yield of bio-oil from fast pyrolysis was about 47%. Bio-oil contains high various organic compounds and dominated by acetic acid (21%) and 2-propanone (28%), and produced bio-char with a calorific value of 5763 kcal/kg (dried basis). Bio-char products could be used as a solid fuel in the combustion process or gasification process.
 
Publisher Kementerian Perindustrian
 
Contributor Balai Besar Pulp dan Kertas
 
Date 2019-10-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.kemenperin.go.id/jrihh/article/view/4325
10.24111/jrihh.v11i1.4325
 
Source Jurnal Riset Industri Hasil Hutan; Vol 11, No 1 (2019); 1-12
2503-0779
2086-1400
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.kemenperin.go.id/jrihh/article/view/4325/pdf_34
http://ejournal.kemenperin.go.id/jrihh/article/downloadSuppFile/4325/725
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Syamsudin Syamsudin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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