Analisis Kebisingan Kawasan Permukiman di Sepanjang Frontage Road A. Yani Surabaya

AL ARD Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan

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Title Analisis Kebisingan Kawasan Permukiman di Sepanjang Frontage Road A. Yani Surabaya
 
Creator Nurmaningsih, Dyah Ratri
Auvaria, Shinfi Wazna
Nilandita, Widya
 
Subject kebisingan, sound level meter dan permukiman
kebisingan
Sound level meter
Permukiman
 
Description Kota Surabaya merupakan salah satu kota di Indonesia yang termaju perkembangannya diberbagai bidang, seperti bidang perekonomian, pendidikan dan transportasi. Pembangunan kota yang pesat memberikan dampak positif  dan negatif. Dampak positif berupa kemudahan, kelengkapan dan teknologi yang tinggi dari berbagai sarana prasarana transportasi, kesehatan, pendidikan, hiburan dan lain sebagainya yang mendukung kegiatan sehari-hari masyarakat Kota Surabaya. Adapun dampak negatif yang dirasakan adalah kualitas lingkungan hidup yang menurun, yang dapat menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan dan ketidaknyamanan bagi masyarakat. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskripitif kuantitatif. Penelitian ini menganalisa kebisingan akibat lalu lintas yang terjadi di kawasan permukiman sepanjang frontage road A.Yani Surabaya (Menanggal I, Jemur Gayungan I dan Jemur Wonosari Gang Masjid). Nilai tingkat kebisingan diperoleh dengan alat sound level meter dan dianalisa dengan rumus statistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai tingkat kebisingan pada aktivitas siang hari (LS) di permukiman Menanggal I sebesar 79,96 dB(A),  permukiman Jemur Gayungan I sebesar 80,28 dB(A) dan permukiman Jemur Wonosari gang Masjid sebesar 78,44 dB(A). Ketiganya telah melampaui baku mutu. Pengendalian kebisingan dengan penambahan barier tumbuhan/vegetasi di sumber kebisingan, permukiman dan sepanjang frontage road. Selain itu penggantian material dinding bangunan dengan kaca atau kombinasi kaca dan batu bata, karena kaca dapat mereduksi kebisingan hingga 20 dB
Surabaya city is one of the cities in Indonesia which has the most advanced development in various fields, such as economy, education and transportation. Rapid city development has positive and negative impacts. Positive impact such as high technology from various infrastructures for transportation, health, education, entertainment and others that support the daily activities of Surabaya people. The negative impact is the declining quality of the environment, which can cause health problems and community discomfort. The research method uses quantitative descriptive methods. This study analyzes the noise caused by traffic that occurs in residential areas along the frontage road A.Yani Surabaya (Menanggal I, Jemur Gayungan I and Jemur Wonosari Masjid Alley). Noise level values was measured using sound level meter and analyzed using a statistical formula. The results showed the value of the noise level in daytime activity (LS) in Menanggal I settlement was 79.96 dB (A), Jemur Gayungan I settlement was 80.28 dB (A) and Jemur Wonosari Mosque mosque settlement was 78.44 dB ( A), and have exceeded the quality standard. Noise control can be done with vegetation barriers at noise sources, settlements and along the frontage road. Reduction of noise level can be done by replacement of wall materials with glass or a combination of glass and brick, as well as a combination design in the interior of the room by adding gypsum board material to the ceiling and room dividers.
 
Publisher Department of Environmental engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Islamic State University Sunan Ampel Surabaya
 
Date 2019-12-18
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnalsaintek.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/alard/article/view/739
10.29080/alard.v5i1.739
 
Source Al-Ard: Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan; Vol. 5 No. 1 (2019): September; 17-25
2460-8815
2549-1652
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnalsaintek.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/alard/article/view/739/415
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Dyah Ratri Nurmaningsih
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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