L’Annonce faite à Marie: de l’héritage africain à une lecture postcoloniale

Tydskrif vir Letterkunde

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Title L’Annonce faite à Marie: de l’héritage africain à une lecture postcoloniale
L’Annonce faite à Marie: de l’héritage africain à une lecture postcoloniale
 
Creator Ahondoukpe, Mireille
 
Subject L’Annonce faite à Marie×
Paul Claudel’s African legacy×
postcolonial reading×
medieval world×
 
Description Postcolonial reading of L’Annonce faite à Marie : opportunities and challenges
Postcolonial theories generally exclude the study of certain works and periods. In practice, for example, western and medieval works tend to be banned. From this perspective, the study of L’Annonce faite à Marie by the yardstick of postcolonial concepts can then be reminiscent of a veneer or paradox. First, it is a French work, that of an author not belonging to the colonized world. Then the dramatic universe is totally precolonial, since this piece refers to the Middle Ages. Thus, it may seem, a priori, paradoxical to consider the postcolonial reading of a piece anchored in the precolonial. Plating would consist of appliying to L'Annonce faite à Marie, a method of analysis designed for epoch following colonization. Yet many critics, mostly anglo-saxons, successfully cross medieval texts and postcolonial studies. In fact, it can be seen that the theoretical tools of the postcolonial are likely to allow many possibilities of reading L'Annonce faite à Marie. They can help to analyze, for example, relations of gender or power, marginalization, migration… If we consider it as a method to read any situation of domination, the postcolonial approach can, legitimately, help to study L'Annonce faite à Marie, despite the medieval specifics of this theatrical piece.
In this article, a postcolonial reading is undertaken of L’annonce faite à Marie (The annunciation of Mary), a 1912 play by Paul Claudel. Several celebrated authors from Africa and the Caribbean, belonging to the black postcolonial world, willingly acknowledge their debt to Paul Claudel, including Aimé Césaire, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Édouard Glissant and Saint-John Perse. Nevertheless, postcolonial theories generally exclude the study of Western and medieval works from the purview of postcolonial studies. It may thus appear paradoxical to propose a postcolonial reading of Claudel’s play, written by a French playwright who does not belong to the colonized world. The play is furthermore set in the Middle Ages. However, many critics, mostly Anglo-Saxons, have successfully matched medieval texts and postcolonial studies. In fact, postcolonial theoretical tools are capable of casting new light on the study of L’Annonce faite à Marie, regarding, for example, relations of gender or power, marginalization and migration. Given Claudel’s avowed impact on the literature of the black world, in view of the play’s focus on situations of domination, the postcolonial approach may be legitimately applied to the study of L’Annonce faite à Marie, despite the ‘medieval’ particularities of this play.
 
Publisher Tydskrif vir Letterkunde Association
 
Date 2019-10-21
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journals.assaf.org.za/index.php/tvl/article/view/6540
10.17159/2309-9070/tvl.v.56i2.6540
 
Source Tydskrif vir Letterkunde; Vol 56 No 2 (2019); 76-82
2309-9070
0041-476X
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journals.assaf.org.za/index.php/tvl/article/view/6540/9227
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Tydskrif vir Letterkunde
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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