Demographics and Pattern of Ocular Diseases in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital

Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Demographics and Pattern of Ocular Diseases in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital
 
Creator O. Aliu, Rachael
Awoyesuku, Elizabeth A.
Pedro-Egbe, Chinyere N.
 
Description Aims: To determine the demographics and pattern of ocular diseases in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.
Study Design: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out at the Dialysis clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria from February 2013 to February 2014.
Methodology: The Sample size was estimated to be 85 adult patients and cconsecutive adult patients with chronic renal failure who are having haemodialysis were enrolled into the study. The patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly booked at the Dialysis Clinic and had no prior knowledge of the study; hence there was no bias in case selection. Ethical approval was obtained from the institutions ethical committee. Each participant had a comprehensive ocular examination including fundus photography. Subjects needing further evaluation and treatment were referred to the Eye Clinic of the Ophthalmology Department of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt.
Results: A total of 170 eyes of 85 persons were examined in this study (100% coverage). A total of 30 (35.4%) females and 55 (64.6%) males were examined giving a male to female ratio of 1.8:1.
Approximately half of the study subjects (54.1%) had no previous eye problem prior to developing chronic renal failure while about a quarter (n= 20, 23.5%) had refractive error and difficulty in reading near prints .After diagnosis of chronic kidney disease however a total of 40 (47%) of study subjects had visual impairment while 2(2.4%) were blind and 43(50.6%) of the study population however had normal vision.
Conclusion: Chronic Kidney disease is an important cause of ocular morbidity in our environment with majority of those affected being males in the third to fifth decades of life. Posterior segment disorders were the commonest disorders seen.
 
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
 
Date 2019-10-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30118
10.9734/or/2019/v11i130118
 
Source Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal; 2019 - Volume 11 [Issue 1]; 1-9
2321-7227
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30118/56509
http://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30118/56510
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 © 2019 Aliu et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library