Variabilitas Genetik dan Heritabilitas Karakter Agronomi Galur-Galur Sawi (Brassica juncea L.)

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Variabilitas Genetik dan Heritabilitas Karakter Agronomi Galur-Galur Sawi (Brassica juncea L.)
Genetic Variability and Heritability of Agronomic Character Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea L.)
 
Creator Muhammad, Raihan Fadhil
Waluyo, Budi
 
Description Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari variabilitas genetik, heritabilitas, dan menyeleksi penampilan genotipe karakter agronomi unggul pada 57 galur sawi untuk digunakan dalam bahan baku konsumsi dan industri. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Seed Bank and Nursery, Agrotechno Park Universitas Brawijaya, Desa Jatikerto, Kecamatan Kromengan, Kabupaten Malang pada bulan Desember 2018 – April 2019. Metode yang digunakan untuk penelitian ini adalah rancangan acak kelompok diperluas (augmented design). Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah 60 genotipe sawi yang terdiri dari 57 genotipe yang diuji dan 3 varietas sebagai cek. Genotipe yang diuji akan disebar kedalam 5 blok, sedangkan tiga varietas cek akan ditanam pada setiap blok, sehingga terdapat 72 satuan percobaan. Variabel pengamatan karakter agronomi terdiri dari 15 karakter kualitatif dan 24 karakter kuantitatif. Variabilitas yang luas terdapat pada karakter biji per polong, jumlah polong per tanaman, dan berat segar. Heritabilitas tinggi terdapat pada karakter panjang kotiledon, jumlah daun konsumsi, berat segar, umur panen benih, jumlah polong per tanaman, panjang polong, lebar polong, dan jumlah biji per polong. Terdapat galur-galur sawi yang mempunyai karakter unggul untuk bahan baku konsumsi dan industri.
The objective of this research was study genetic variability, heritability, and select the appearance of superior agronomic character genotypes in 57 Indian mustard for use in raw materials of consumption and industrial. This research was conducted at Seed Bank and Nursery, Agrotechno Park Brawijaya University, Jatikerto Village, Malang Regency in December 2018 - April 2019. The method used for this research was an augmented design. The treatment given was 60 genotypes of Indian mustard which consisted of 57 tested genotypes and 3 varieties as checks. The tested genotype will be spread into 5 blocks, while the three varieties of checks will be planted on each block, so there are 72 experimental units. The observation variables of agronomic characters consisted of 15 qualitative characters and 24 quantitative characters. Wide variability is found in the character of seeds per pod, number of pods per plant, and fresh weight. High heritability was found in the character of cotyledons, number of leaf consumption, fresh weight, age of seed harvest, number of pods per plant, length of pods, width of pods, and number of seeds per pod. There are Indian mustard which have superior characteristics for raw materials of consumption and industry.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2019-10-02
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/72
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2.72
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 73-83
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 73-83
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/72/35
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Raihan Fadhil Muhammad, Budi Waluyo
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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