SPACE TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS FOR WATER QUALITY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment

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Field Value
 
Title SPACE TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS FOR WATER QUALITY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
 
Creator Oluwafemi, F. A.
Olubiyi, R. A.
 
Subject Water Quality
Space Technology
Sustainable-Development
Water-pollution
Ground-based.
 
Description Water is one of the most important elements for sustaining-life. Despite water’s abundance, good quality water is available in a very limited quantity. Water quality describes water’s condition, including physical, chemical, biological and radiological-characteristics, usually with respect to its suitability for a particular purpose such as drinking, swimming and irrigation. Many factors can reduce quality of water such as water-pollution which is the contamination of water-bodies, usually resulting from human-activities. Poor water quality poses a health-risk for people and ecosystems. Water quality is measured by several factors, examples of which are the dissolved-oxygen, salinity, turbidity, pH, temperature. Water quality is a complex issue and requires large amounts of diverse accurate data in a timely manner. Collection of water quality measurement data by traditional method can be quite difficult and resource intensive especially in the remote-areas. Therefore, there is a need to supplement the traditional method of ground-based monitoring with space technology especially satellite-based monitoring that provides better effective means of data-collection.  Satellite-based monitoring is helpful in attaining sustainable development, which includes economic-growth, environmental-protection and social-equality; in-line with the Sustainable Development Goal “Clean Water and Sanitation” of the United-Nations. Space technology applications for water quality has several advantages including large area coverage, measurement-frequency, effective up-to-date, cost-effective and in time manner. This paper reviews space technology’s use in water quality assessment to achieve sustainable development. Examples of space technology spin-offs and use of on-line open data-access on water quality monitoring are discussed. It also proposes satellite technology viewing few millimeters contaminants in water-bodies in the nearest-future.
 
Publisher Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
 
Date 2019-10-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Identifier http://azojete.com.ng/index.php/azojete/article/view/661
 
Source Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment; Vol 15 No SPi2 (2019): AZOJETE - Centre for Satellite Technology Development Special Issue: Space Science and Technology for Sustainable Development; 100-109
2545-5818
1596-2490
 
Language en
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment
 

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