Evaluation of Agro-morphological Traits in 20 Genotypes Selected of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Evaluation of Agro-morphological Traits in 20 Genotypes Selected of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.
Evaluasi Karakter Agro-Morfologi pada 20 Genotipe Hasil Seleksi Temu Hitam (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.)
 
Creator Nurcholis, Waras
Hartanti, Hartanti
Suryani, Suryani
Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo
 
Description The present study aimed to evaluate different agro-morphological traits among twenty genotypes of Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. and three varieties of Curcuma zanthorrhiza Roxb. Agro-morphological data traits were investigated based on qualitative and quantitative parameters from PPVFRA descriptors with modification. All the recorded data was analyzed through SPSS 16.0 and R 3.4.2 for ANOVA and similarity analysis, respectively. Significant differences (P <0.05) were observed in the traits studied of the habit of the rhizome, the shape of the rhizome, length of primary rhizome, number of mother rhizome, plant height, pseudostem diameter, number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width, and number of shoots. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) classified the genotypes into three groups. The principal component analysis (PCA) were showed consistent with results of the HCA. These genotypes could be used as novel genotype in agricultural biochemistry for breeding programs.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi karakter agro-morfologi yang berbeda pada dua puluh genotipe temu hitam dan tiga varietas temulawak. Data karakter agro-morfologi dikarakterisasi berdasarkan parameter kualitatif dan kuantitatif sesuai deskriptor PPVFRA yang dimodifikasi. Semua data dicatat dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan SPSS untuk ANOVA dan R 3.4.2 untuk analisis kemiripan. Habitus rimpang, bentuk rimpang, panjang rimpang primer, jumlah rimpang induk, tinggi tanaman, diameter batang semu, jumlah daun, lebar daun, dan jumlah anakan merupakan karakter yang menghasilkan keragaman signifikan (P < 0.05). Analisis kluster hirarki mengklasifikasi kemiripan genotipe ke dalam tiga kelompok. Hasil yang sama juga ditunjukkan berdasarkan analisis komponen utama. Dengan demikian, genotipe tersebut dapat digunakan sebagai bahan genotipe yang baru dalam biokimia pertanian melalui program pemuliaan tanaman temu hitam.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2019-08-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/58
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2.58
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 42-51
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 2 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 42-51
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/58/31
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Waras Nurcholis, Hartanti Hartanti, Suryani Suryani, Bambang Pontjo Priosoeryanto
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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