Abundance and Dominance of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Chili Orchard (Capsicum annuum L.), Paya Benua Village, Ban

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Abundance and Dominance of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Chili Orchard (Capsicum annuum L.), Paya Benua Village, Ban
Kelimpahan dan Dominansi Lalat Buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) pada Pertanaman Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.), di Desa Paya Benua, Bangka
 
Creator Saputra, Herry Marta
Sarinah, Sarinah
Hasanah, Mardian
 
Description Fruit flies Bactrocera spp.  (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the major pests in chili plants. The information about abundance and dominance of fruit fly species in chili orchard was limited, especially in Bangka Island. The purpose of this study was to determine the abundance and dominance species of fruit flies found in the chili orchard. This field experiment was conducted in the three chili orchard, Paya Benua Village, Bangka. This research used survey method by placing traps with methyl eugenol on host plants, in which four traps were being placed for each location. Traps were set in the morning (06.00-10.00), noon (10.00-14.00), and afternoon (14.00-18.00). The fruit fly species from trapping were identified as Bactrocera carambolae, Bactrocera dorsalis, and Bactrocera umbrosa. A total of 899 individuals were captured, with abundance of 251, 546, 102 individuals for Bactrocera carambolae, Bactrocera dorsalis, and Bactrocera umbrosa, respectively. The results showed that fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis as the most abundant and dominant species in chili orchard, Paya Benua Village, Bangka.
Lalat buah Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) merupakan salah satu hama penting pada tanaman cabai. Kelimpahan dan dominansi spesies lalat buah di pertanaman cabai masih terbatas informasinya, khususnya di Pulau Bangka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelimpahan dan dominansi spesies lalat buah yang terdapat di area pertanaman cabai. Penelitian  dilakukan di tiga kebun cabai yang berlokasi di Desa Paya Benua, Bangka. Koleksi lalat buah dilakukan dengan menggunakan perangkap steiner yang diberi metil eugenol dan pada tiap lokasi dipasang empat buah perangkap. Perangkap dipasang pada pagi (06.00-10.00 WIB), siang (10.00-14.00 WIB), dan sore (14.00-18.00 WIB). Lalat buah yang diperoleh dari perangkap telah teridentifikasi sebagai Bactrocera carambolae, Bactrocera dorsalis, dan Bactrocera umbrosa. Total lalat buah yang tertangkap selama penelitian adalah 899 individu,  dengan kelimpahan lalat buah Bactrocera carambolae, Bactrocera dorsalis, dan Bactrocera umbrosa berturut-turut yaitu 251, 546, dan 102 individu. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lalat buah Bactrocera dorsalis  merupakan spesies yang memiliki kelimpahan tertinggi dan dominan pada pertanaman cabai di Desa Paya Benua, Bangka.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2019-06-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/38
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i1.38
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 1 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 36-41
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 3 No 1 (2019): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 36-41
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v3i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/38/30
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Herry Marta Saputra, Sarinah Sarinah, Mardian Hasanah
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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