Vaginosis bacteriana en mujeres en edad fértil: Una perspectiva a analizar

Revista Arbitrada Interdisciplinaria de Ciencias de la Salud. Salud y Vida.

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Title Vaginosis bacteriana en mujeres en edad fértil: Una perspectiva a analizar
Bacterial vaginosis in women in fertile age: A perspective to analyze
 
Creator Merchán Villafuerte, Karina Maricela
León Granadillo, Anaxímenes Enddy
Valero Cedeño, Nereida
Quiroz Villafuerte, Viviana Marianela
Álava Villafuerte, María Judith
 
Subject Ciencias Médica; Gineco-obstetricia
Vaginosis bacteriana; Edad fértil; Enfermedad polibacteriana; ITS; Factores de riesgo.
Health Sciences; Obstetrics Gynecology
Bacterial vaginosis; Childbearing age; Polybacterial disease; STIs; Risk factors.
 
Description La vaginosis bacteriana (VB) es un tipo de infección vaginal ocasionada por que la microbiota normal de la vagina es reemplazada por bacterias Gram negativas o Gram variables, anaerobias estrictas o facultativas que altera el equilibrio natural y produce cambio en la microflora de la vagina. Las mujeres en edad fértil tienen más probabilidades de desarrollar VB; sin embargo, esta infección puede afectar a mujeres de cualquier edad. Si bien la causa no se comprende completamente, ciertas actividades, como mantener relaciones sexuales sin protección o hacerse lavados vaginales con frecuencia, aumentan el riesgo de contraer la infección. La enfermedad puede cursar de forma asintomática o con leucorrea y ardor vulvar, en algunas pacientes puede ocasionar complicaciones obstétricas y ginecológicas importantes. Las condiciones físico-químicas y microbiológicas de la vagina tienen un impacto decisivo en aspectos como la concepción, la capacidad de mantener un feto a término, el riesgo de adquisición de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), incluyendo el VIH y en la psiquis y calidad de vida de la mujer, especialmente en edad reproductiva; razón por la cual el propósito de esta revisión es proporcionar información que discuta claramente sobre la etiología de la VB, y especialmente su asociación a la aparición de síntomas en mujeres en edad fértil.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a type of vaginal infection caused by the normal microbiota of the vagina being replaced by Gram negative or Gram bacteria, strict or facultative anaerobes that alter the natural balance and produce change in the microflora of the vagina. Women of childbearing age are more likely to develop BV; however, this infection can affect women of any age. While the cause is not fully understood, certain activities, such as having unprotected sex or having frequent vaginal cleansing, increase the risk of infection. The disease can occur asymptomatically or with leucorrhoea and vulvar burning, in some patients it can cause important obstetric and gynecological complications. The physical-chemical and microbiological conditions of the vagina have a decisive impact on aspects such as conception, the ability to maintain a fetus at term, the risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV and in the psyche and quality of life of women, especially in reproductive age; This is why the purpose of this review is to provide information that clearly discusses the etiology of BV, and especially its association with biological risk in women of childbearing age.
 
Publisher Fundación Koinonia
 
Contributor

 
Date 2019-10-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format text/html
application/pdf
 
Identifier http://fundacionkoinonia.com.ve/ojs/index.php/saludyvida/article/view/419
10.35381/s.v.v3i6.419
 
Source Revista Arbitrada Interdisciplinaria de Ciencias de la Salud. Salud y Vida; Vol. 3, Núm. 1 (3): Edición Especial 2019; 3-31
2610-8038
10.35381/s.v.v3i1
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://fundacionkoinonia.com.ve/ojs/index.php/saludyvida/article/view/419/html
http://fundacionkoinonia.com.ve/ojs/index.php/saludyvida/article/view/419/pdf
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Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Karina Maricela Merchán Villafuerte, Anaxímenes Enddy León Granadillo, Nereida Valero Cedeño, Viviana Marianela Quiroz Villafuerte, María Judith Álava Villafuerte
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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