Mercury (Hg) content in fish Meka (Xiphias sp.) in Fish Processing Unit and the local market in Manado and Bitung, North Sulawesi

Aquatic Science & Management

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Title Mercury (Hg) content in fish Meka (Xiphias sp.) in Fish Processing Unit and the local market in Manado and Bitung, North Sulawesi
 
Creator Rondonuwu, Synthia I
Berhimpon, Siegfried
Lasut, Markus T
 
Subject fisheries; marine pollution
meka fish; mercury; Hg, estimation of daily intake; target hazard quotient; North Sulawesi
 
Description Title (Bahasa Indonesia): Kandungan merkuri (Hg) pada ikan Meka (Xiphias sp.) di Unit Pengolahan Ikan dan Pasar Lokal di Manado dan Bitung, Sulawesi Utara Meka fish (Xiphias sp.) is one of the many marine products besides tuna fishery. It has potential and a competitive price to become a main product for exports from Indonesia. However, data about its quality, including heavy metals contain, is still lack. This study aimed to analyze the concentration of mercury (Hg) of the fish in three locations, i.e. the Fish Processing Unit, the local market in Manado, and Bitung. Fish consumption patterns of people living in Manado and Bitung and the risk of exposure to Hg to consumers based on the number of estimation of daily intake (EDI) and of Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) were also analyzed. The research found that there is a relationship between the concentration of Hg and the weight of the fish; the increase of weight is in line with the increase of Hg in which the greater weight of the fish is the higher levels of Hg. Further analysis showed that, based on the EDI, the amount of Hg that consumed by the community of Manado and Bitung is greater than WHO standards, and based on the THQ analysis, it was found the risk of Hg exposure to the community in Bitung. Di Indonesia, ikan meka (Xiphias sp.) merupakan salah satu dari produk perikanan selain tuna, yang potensial dan memiliki harga yang kompetitif untuk menjadi andalan ekspor. Namun, data tentang mutu ikan ini, termasuk kandungan logam berat, masih kurang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan merkuri (Hg) pada daging ikan ini di tiga lokasi, yaitu Unit Pengolahan Ikan (UPI), pasar lokal di Manado, dan pasar lokal di Bitung. Pola konsumsi ikan meka dari masyarakat yang tinggal di Manado dan Bitung, dan risiko bahaya terpapar Hg terhadap konsumen berdasarkan estimation of daily intake (EDI) dan Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) juga dianalisis. Dari hasil penelitian ditemukan, bahwa terdapat hubungan antara berat ikan dan kandungan Hg; kenaikan berat ikan sejalan dengan kenaikan kandungan Hg. Dengan demikian, semakin besar berat ikan, maka akan semakin tinggi kandungan Hg. Hasil analisis EDI menunjukkan, bahwa jumlah Hg yang masuk ke dalam tubuh pada masyarakat Manado dan Bitung lebih besar dari standar WHO. Berdasarkan hasil analisis THQ ditemukan, bahwa masyarakat Bitung berisiko terpapar Hg.
 
Publisher Graduate Program of Sam Ratulangi University
 
Contributor Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara
 
Date 2019-07-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
field survey
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jasm/article/view/24211
10.35800/jasm.5.1.2017.24211
 
Source AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT; Vol 5, No 1 (2017): APRIL; 1-5
2337-5000
2337-4403
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jasm/article/view/24211/23897
 
Coverage marine; fishing
-
survey
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT
 

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