The effectiveness of Bunaken National Park management

Aquatic Science & Management

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title The effectiveness of Bunaken National Park management
 
Creator Manumpil, Abraham W
Mandagi, Stephanus V
Lasut, Markus T
 
Subject coastal management
marine protected area; coastal zone management; Bunaken National Park; Indonesia
 
Description Title (Bahasa Indonesia): Efektivitas Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Bunaken The important values of Bunaken National Park were gathered through interviews with80 respondents in order to obtain local people’s opinion of the marine park. Results showed that the most important value was coral reefs,holding 68.75% of the respondents’ opinion. Moreover, they put the environmental characteristics, such as fish, biodiversity, and mangrove, as major values of Bunaken National Park. Many respondents mentioned the economic values in relation with tourism business. As many as 11.25% of the respondents claimed that the presence of management and its programs was main value of the marine park. The respondents’ opinion  concerning the threat on the major values of Bunaken National Parkfound that nearly all respondents mentioned several deleterious behaviors that could directly demolish natural environmental values, such as fish blasting, fish poisoning, pollution and illegal mangrove cutting.  Illegal entry of the zonation and excessive exploitation from commercial fishing operations or fish netting, and low awareness  were also found. In addition, 8.75% of the respondents claimed that economic or poverty issues were major threats on Bunaken National Parkvalues, and 5% thought that government policy was the serious threat.This study revealed that Bunaken National Park has been effectively managed. It is indicated by a good patrol system and better social economic condition of the communities living inside the park.Hasil penelitian menunjukkantentang pandangan masyarakat lokal terhadap nilai-nilai penting Taman Nasional Bunaken, yang dilakukan melalui wawancara terhadap 80 responden untuk mendapatkan daftar apa saja yang menurut mereka nilai-nilai paling penting dari Taman Nasional Bunaken. Nilai terpenting menurut responden adalah terumbu karang (68,75%). Selanjutnya, responden menempatkan karakteristik lingkungan, seperti ikan, keragaman biologis, dan mangrove, merupakan nilai utama dari Taman Nasional Bunaken. Banyak responden juga menyebutkan nilai-nilai ekonomis yang dihubungkan dengan bisnis pariwisata. Sebanyak 11.25% responden berkomentar, bahwa adanya pengelolaan dan program-programnya merupakan nilai-nilai utama dari Taman Nasional Bunaken. Hasil wawancara tentang pandangan responden mengenai ancaman-ancaman terhadap nilai-nilai utama Taman Nasional Bunaken menunjukkan, bahwa hampir semua responden menyebutkan beberapa tingkah laku yang merusak yang secara langsung menghancurkan nilai-nilai lingkungan alami, misalnya bom ikan, racun ikan, polusi, dan penebangan mangrove secara ilegal. Pelanggaran zonasi dan eksploitasi berlebihan melalui operasi-operasi komersil atau penangkapan ikan dengan jaring, kurangnya kesadaran juga disebutkan. Sebanyak 8.75% responden mengatakan, bahwa isu ekonomi atau kemiskinan merupakan ancaman utama terhadap nilai-nilai Taman Nasional Bunaken; dan 5% responden yang mengatakan, bahwa kebijakan pemerintah merupakan ancaman serius. Penelitian ini mendapati, bahwa Taman Nasional Bunaken telah dikelola secara efektif. Hal ini diindikasikan dengan adanya suatu sistem patroli yang berjalan dengan baik dan peningkatan kondisi sosial ekonomi masyarakat di kawasan Taman Nasional Bunaken.
 
Publisher Graduate Program of Sam Ratulangi University
 
Contributor Balai Taman Nasional Bunaken, Sulawesi Utara, Indonesia
 
Date 2019-07-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
field survey
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jasm/article/view/24214
10.35800/jasm.5.1.2017.24214
 
Source AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT; Vol 5, No 1 (2017): APRIL; 11-17
2337-5000
2337-4403
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jasm/article/view/24214/23900
 
Coverage marine; coastal management
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Rights Copyright (c) 2019 AQUATIC SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT
 

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