Effect of homeopathic medicines in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

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Title Effect of homeopathic medicines in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.)
Efecto de medicamentos homeopáticos en plantas de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.)
 
Creator Abasolo Pacheco, Fernando
Bonilla Montalván, Boris
Bermeo Toledo, Cesar
Ferrer Sánchez, Yarelys
Ramirez Castillo, Andy Jafet
Mesa Zavala, Erika
Mazón Suástegui, José Manuel
Llerena Ramos, Luis
 
Subject germination; agricultural homeopathy; vegetables; innocuousness
germinación; homeopatía agrícola; hortalizas; inocuidad
 
Description Agrochemical use in horticultural cultivations generates negative effects, thus the need for searching to decrease or eliminate its use by means of other less toxic techniques. Agricultural homeopathy represents an alternative for ecological agriculture, impacting positively in cultivation development. The effect of four homeopathic medicines for human use were assessed in two centesimal dynamizations (7CH and 13CH) [(Silicea Terra (SiT), Natrum muriaticum (NaM), Zincum phosphoricum (ZiP) and Phosphoricum acidum (PhA)], and a control treatment (distilled water) on tomato plant germination, emergence, and initial development. The treatments were established under a randomized complete block design with three repiclates. Germination and emergence rate and percentage and morphometric variables (plant height, radicle length, dry and wet weight) were assessed, including the variables in stem diameter and wet and dry leaf weight, number of branches, leaves, and buds in the vegetative development stage. Signif icant differences were observed in all the morphometric variables assessed in function of the different development stages, homeopathic medicines, and their different dynamizations. During germination, greater growth in stem length was observed with ZiP-7CH (5.5 ± 0.98 cm) compared to the control group (4.3 ± 1.10 cm). During the emergence stage, the treatments SiT-7CH (6.6 ± 1.11 cm) and ZiP-7CH (5.9 ± 1.41 cm) increased stem length signif icantly whereas with PhA-7CH, the best effects were obtained in the variables assessed during the vegetative development stage, LT (94 ± 8.31 cm), leaf number (No hojas) (131 ± 27.71), fresh stem biomass (BFT) (17.20 ± 2.45 g), wet leaf biomass (BFH) (30 ± 7.72 g), dry leaf biomass (BSH) (2 ± 0.61 g), fresh root biomass (BFR) (10 ± 6.26 g), dry root biomass (BSR) (1 ± 0.43 g), and number of flower buds (No H) (6 ± 7.10). The homeopathic medicines applied impacted positively during the initial and vegetative development stages of tomato under controlled conditions. This research study represents and advance in the sustainable management of tomato cultivation.
El uso de agroquímicos en los cultivos hortícolas generan efectos negativos, por lo que se busca disminuir o eliminar su uso mediante otras técnicas menos toxicas. La homeopatía agrícola representa una alternativa para la agricultura ecológica, incidiendo de manera positiva en el desarrollo de los cultivos. Se evaluó el efecto de cuatro medicamentos homeopáticos para uso humano en dos dinamizaciones centesimales (7CH y 13CH) [(Silicea Terra (SiT), Natrum muriaticum (NaM), Zincum phosphoricum (ZiP) y Phosphoricum acidum (PhA)] y un tratamiento control (Agua destilada), sobre la germinación, emergencia y desarrollo vegetativo inicial del tomate. Los tratamientos se establecieron bajo un diseño completamente al azar con tres repeticiones. Se evaluó el porcentaje y tasa de germinación y emergencia, y variables morfométricas (altura de planta, longitud radicular, peso húmedo y seco). Además, en la etapa de desarrollo vegetativo se incluyeron las variables diámetro de tallo, peso húmedo y seco de hojas, número de ramas, hojas y brotes florales. Se observaron diferencias signif icativas en todas las variables morfométricas evaluadas, en función de las diferentes etapas de desarrollo, los medicamentos homeopáticos y sus diferentes dinamizaciones. Durante la germinación, se observó mayor crecimiento en longitud de tallo con ZiP-7CH (5.5±0.98 cm) en relación al grupo control (4.3±1.10 cm). Durante la etapa de emergencia, los tratamientos SiT-7CH (6.6±1.11 cm) y ZiP-7CH (5.9±1.41 cm) incrementaron signif icativamente la longitud del tallo, mientras que con PhA-7CH se obtuvieron los mejores efectos en la variables evaluadas durante la etapa de desarrollo vegetativo (LT (94±8.31 cm), N° hojas (131±27.71 hojas), BFT (17.20±2.45 g), BFH (30±7.72 g), BSH (2±0.61 g), BFR (10±6.26 g), BSR (1±0.43 g) y N° brotes florales (6±7.10 brotes)). Los medicamentos homeopáticos aplicados incidieron positivamente durante la etapa inicial y el desarrollo vegetativo del tomate, bajo condiciones controladas. Esta investigación representa un avance en el manejo sustentable del cultivo de tomate.
 
Publisher The Mexican Society of Soil Science
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-02-23
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.terralatinoamericana.org.mx/index.php/terra/article/view/718
10.28940/terra.v38i1.718
 
Source Terra Latinoamericana; Vol 38, No 1 (2020); 103-117
Terra Latinoamericana; Vol 38, No 1 (2020); 103-117
2395-8030
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://www.terralatinoamericana.org.mx/index.php/terra/article/view/718/729
http://www.terralatinoamericana.org.mx/index.php/terra/article/downloadSuppFile/718/687
http://www.terralatinoamericana.org.mx/index.php/terra/article/downloadSuppFile/718/688
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Terra Latinoamericana
 

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