Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, Executive Functioning, and Stress: Exploring a Process Model in Adolescents

International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports

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Field Value
 
Title Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, Executive Functioning, and Stress: Exploring a Process Model in Adolescents
 
Creator Sarah Ullrich-French
Anne E. Cox
 
Subject State Mindfulness
Physical Education
Psychological Resilience
Affect
Yoga
 
Description The association of trait mindfulness with emotional well-being has been found to be mediated by executive functioning. However, there is little empirical evidence on this process in adolescents. Therefore, this study tested these associations using an adolescent sample participating in a physical education yoga class. This study extended previous research by also including self-compassion and state mindfulness in addition to trait mindfulness. A prospective design employed a pilot yoga curriculum in a high school physical education class. Adolescents (N = 20) completed assessments of trait mindfulness and self-compassion at baseline, state mindfulness experienced during yoga classes over the 12 week physical education yoga class, and six indices of executive functioning and stress at the end of the 12 weeks. Path analysis was used to test the process model found by Short with the extensions of self-compassion and state mindfulness. Self-compassion directly predicted problems with activity level impulse control and indirectly predicted stress. When self-compassion did not predict specific executive functioning indicators, state mindfulness experienced in yoga predicted stress. This study contributes preliminary evidence that suggests further research into the unique effects of trait and state mindfulness as well as self-compassion on adolescent cognitive and affective outcomes. Results support the use of contemplative practices, such as yoga, in adolescent physical education as a strategy to boost emotion regulation processes.
 
Publisher Eleyon
 
Date 2019-08-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/299
10.26524/ijpefs1934
 
Source International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports; Vol 8 No 3 (2019): Volume 8, Issue 3, Year 2019; 32-41
2457-0753
2277-5447
10.26524/ijpefs193
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/299/259
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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