HOW IS SOCIAL CAPITAL CONVERTED TO BE ECONOMIC CAPITAL? A CASE STUDY FROM PESANTREN’S SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROJECTS

Al-Izzah: Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian

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Title HOW IS SOCIAL CAPITAL CONVERTED TO BE ECONOMIC CAPITAL? A CASE STUDY FROM PESANTREN’S SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROJECTS
 
Creator Isbah, M Falikul
 
Subject pesantren; social capital; economic capital; economic project
 
Description There is an increasing trend among Indonesian Islamic boarding schools or locally called pesantren to address the socio-economic problems of their neighbouring communities. Over the last two decades, many pesantren have articulated that concern through operating Islamic microfinance business or popularly called BMT (Baitul Maal wat Tamwil) and other enterprise forms. However, the majority of those initiatives are not financially developing. Pesantren Sidogiri is among a few of those exhibit business success and relatively significant social benefits to the Pesantren as well as its graduates. Based on fieldwork findings and the employment of social capital theory, this paper argues that the success of Pesantren Sidogiri’s three business hubs (Kopontren Sidogiri, BMT MMU, BMT UGT) is because the Pesantren has successfully mobilised and managed its rich social capital which is embedded in the Pesantren’s social networks. That social networks have constantly been managed and developed through appropriable social organisations and closure of social networks. The former is evident in the Pesantren’s program of Affiliating Madrasah (madrasah ranting) and Teacher-Internship (guru tugas), while the latter in the Alumni Association (himpunan alumni) and the publication of monthly-Bulletin Sidogiri. These two streams have intentionally or unintentionally provided the Pesantren with a ready-use of social capital to be converted as economic capital in its economic projects.There is an increasing trend among Indonesian Islamic boarding schools or locally called pesantren to address the socio-economic problems of their neighbouring communities. Over the last two decades, many pesantren have articulated that concern through operating Islamic microfinance business or popularly called BMT (Baitul Maal wat Tamwil) and other enterprise forms. However, the majority of those initiatives are not financially developing. Pesantren Sidogiri is among a few of those exhibit business success and relatively significant social benefits to the Pesantren as well as its graduates. Based on fieldwork findings and the employment of social capital theory, this paper argues that the success of Pesantren Sidogiri’s three business hubs (Kopontren Sidogiri, BMT MMU, BMT UGT) is because the Pesantren has successfully mobilised and managed its rich social capital which is embedded in the Pesantren’s social networks. That social networks have constantly been managed and developed through appropriable social organisations and closure of social networks. The former is evident in the Pesantren’s program of Affiliating Madrasah (madrasah ranting) and Teacher-Internship (guru tugas), while the latter in the Alumni Association (himpunan alumni) and the publication of monthly-Bulletin Sidogiri. These two streams have intentionally or unintentionally provided the Pesantren with a ready-use of social capital to be converted as economic capital in its economic projects.
 
Publisher Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kendari
 
Contributor
 
Date 2019-05-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.iainkendari.ac.id/al-izzah/article/view/1240
10.31332/ai.v14i1.1240
 
Source Al-Izzah: Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian; Vol 14, No.1, Mei 2019; 18-35
2541-0717
1978-9726
10.31332/ai.v14i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.iainkendari.ac.id/al-izzah/article/view/1240/957
10.31332/ai.v14i1.1240.g957
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Al-Izzah: Jurnal Hasil-Hasil Penelitian
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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