Identifikasi Miskonsepsi Siswa pada Konsep Ikatan Kimia Menggunakan Tes Four-Tier Multiple-Choice (4TMC)

JRPK: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia

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Title Identifikasi Miskonsepsi Siswa pada Konsep Ikatan Kimia Menggunakan Tes Four-Tier Multiple-Choice (4TMC)
 
Creator Islami, Dini
Suryaningsih, Siti
Bahriah, Evi Sapinatul
 
Subject Misconception
Chemical Bonding
Four-Tier Multiple-Choice Test
Miskonsepsi
Ikatan Kimia
Four-Tier Multiple-Choice Test
 
Description Ikatan Kimia merupakan salah satu materi kimia dengan konsep yang abstrak, dan diakui sulit dipahami serta sering kali menimbulkan miskonsepsi pada siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi miskonsepsi siswa pada konsep Ikatan Kimia. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada 31 Januari sampai dengan 6 Februari 2018. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X tahun ajaran 2017/2018 dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 48 siswa. Identifikasi miskonsepsi dilakukan menggunakan instrumen tes berbentuk four-tier multiple-choice (4TMC). Jawaban siswa dari tes 4TMC tersebut kemudian dianalisis dan dikategorikan berdasarkan tingkatan pemahaman siswa. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terjadi miskonsepsi sebesar 30,31% (kategori rendah). Miskonsepsi signifikan teridentifikasi pada 8 dari 13 subkonsep Ikatan Kimia yaitu subkonsep Struktur Lewis dan Kaidah Oktet (33,33%), Ikatan Logam dan Sifat Logam (20,83%), Senyawa Ionik dan Senyawa Kovalen (27,08%), Teori VSEPR (20,83%), Teori Domain Elektron (18,75%), Kepolaran Molekul (27,08%), Gaya van der Waals (14,58%), dan Ikatan Hidrogen (29,17%). Hasil identifikasi miskonsepsi siswa ini diharapkan dapat membantu dalam menangani miskonsepsi pada siswa lebih awal agar tidak menghambat siswa dalam pembelajaran.
Kata kunci
Miskonsepsi, Ikatan Kimia, Four-Tier Multiple-Choice Test
Chemical Bonding is one of the chemicals with abstract concepts, and is admittedly difficult to understand and often leads to misconceptions in students. This study aims to identify student misconception on the concept of Chemical Bonding. The method used in this research is quantitative descriptive. The study was conducted on 31 January to 6 February 2018. The subjects of this study are X grade students academic year 2017/2018 with the number of samples of 48 students. The misconception identification was performed using a four-tier multiple-choice (4TMC) test instrument. Students' answers from the 4TMC test are then analyzed and categorized based on the students' level of understanding. The results showed that there was a misconception of 30.31% (low category). Significant misconceptions are identified as 8 out of 13 subconcepts of the Chemical Bonding they are Lewis Structure and the Octet Rule (33.33%), Metal Bond and Metal Properties (20.83%), Ionic Compounds and Covalent Compounds (27.08%) , Theory of VSEPR (20.83%), Electron Domain Theory (18.75%), Polarity of Molecul (27.08%), Van der Waals Forces (14.58%), and Hydrogen Bond (29.17%). The result of identification of students' misconception is expected to be helpful in handling misconception at student earlier so as not to hamper students in learning.
Keywords
Misconception, Chemical Bonding, Four-Tier Multiple-Choice Test
 
Publisher LPPM Universitas Negeri Jakarta
 
Date 2019-09-04
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jrpk/article/view/11400
10.21009/JRPK.091.03
 
Source JRPK: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia; Vol 9 No 1 (2019): JRPK - Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia, Volume 9 Nomor 1 (2019); 21 - 29
2597-8772
2252-5378
10.21009/JRPK.091
 
Language ind
 
Relation http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jrpk/article/view/11400/7349
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Author(s)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
 

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