Contemporary scenario of Muslim women and sport in the United Arab Emirates: Pathways to the vision 2021

Olimpianos - Journal of Olympic Studies

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Title Contemporary scenario of Muslim women and sport in the United Arab Emirates: Pathways to the vision 2021
Escenario contemporáneo de mujeres e deporte musulmanes en los Emirados Árabes Unidos: Caminos a la visíon 2021
Cenário contemporâneo das mulheres muçulmanas e esporte nos Emirados Árabes: Caminhos para a visão 2021
 
Creator Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose
Khan, Mohammed Sayeed
Al Shibini, Mohamed Ahmed Haamed Mahmoud Sayed Ahmed Abdelwa
 
Description Historically, the global society has viewed females as naturally weak, powerless and dependent on males. False medical myths such as development of masculine and unfeminine bodies, harmful effects on the menstrual cycle and prejudice about women who participate in sport activities have been spread which have discouraged active participation of females in different parts of the world, especially in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries1. In this paper, a Scenario Analysis methodology recommended by Spaniol and Rowland2 was used; a process of analysing possible future events by considering alternative possible outcomes from the society. The UAE Vision 2021 was developed to make the nation among the best countries in the world by the Golden Jubilee of the union. This vision was utilised to provide references to the analysis and application of the methods CATWOE, PESTLE and SWOT; also used to complement the scenario description. The discussion revolved around the overall engagement of women representing the Muslim community in the sports sector with a heavy focus on the United Arab Emirates (UAE) sporting scene. In addition, the outlook of the UAE government on women in sports and the various strategies and reforms adopted by the local government to promote women participation in sports was discussed. The conclusion reflects on the possibilities of a behavioural change in the contemporary local society which could lead to more opportunities for women in sports even after the imposition of barriers.
References
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La sociedad global ha visto a las mujeres como naturalmente débiles, impotentes y dependientes de los hombres durante muchos años. Históricamente, falsos mitos médicos, tales como el desarrollo de cuerpos masculinos y no femeninos, efectos nocivos sobre el ciclo menstrual y el perjuicio del embarazo de mujeres que participan en actividades deportivas, se esparcieron y desalentaron la participación del género femenino en todas partes del mundo y de manera muy impactante, en los países del Golfo1. En este artículo, se utilizó la metodología de Análisis de Escenario recomendada por Spaniol y Rowland2, que se define como el análisis del proceso en un escenario futuro considerando otros posibles resultados de la sociedad en el presente. La Visión 2021 de los Emiratos Árabes Unidos (EAU) fue desarrollada para convertir a la nación entre los mejores países del mundo por el Jubileo de Oro desde su origen. Esta visión fue utilizada para desarrollar análisis con los métodos PESTLE, SWOT y CATWOE para complementar la descripción del escenario. La discusión giró en torno al compromiso general de mujeres representando a la comunidad musulmana en el sector deportivo, con gran foco en la escena deportiva de los EAU. Además, se discutieron las perspectivas del gobierno de los Emiratos Árabes Unidos sobre las mujeres en los deportes y las diferentes estrategias y reformas adoptadas por el gobierno local para promover la participación de las mujeres en el deporte. Como conclusión, es posible encontrar un cambio de comportamiento en la sociedad contemporánea local que refleja en más oportunidades futuras para las mujeres en el deporte, aunque existen muchas barreras y preconceptos.
Referencias
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42 UAE government launches 3 initiatives to promote wellbeing [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ministry of Cabinet Affairs and The Future; 2019 Nov 27 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.mocaf.gov.ae/en/media/news/uae-government-launches- three-3-to-promote-wellbeing.
43 Ministry of Education announces a brand new Physical and Health Education reform in the UAE [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ministry of Education (AE); 2017 Jan 30 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.moe.gov.ae/En/MediaCenter/News/pages/sport.aspx
44 School Jiu-Jitsu program [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: UAE Jiu Jitsu Federation; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://uaejjf.com/en/Pages/School-Jiu-Jitsu- Program.aspx.
45 The 7th edition of School Olympics Programme [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ministry of Education (AE); 2019 Apr 20 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.moe.gov.ae/En/MediaCenter/News/Pages/schoololympics7.aspx.
46 Dubai World Trade Center L.L.C. High Five [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Dubai World Trade Center L.L.C; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.dubaisportsworld.ae/Pages/News/High-Five.
47 Koora Dome [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Koora Dome; 2018 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from http://www.kooradome.com/.
48 About Dubai Fitness Challenge 2018 [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://dubaifitnesschallenge.com/about.
49 Download Dubai Fitness App [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://dubaifitnesschallenge.com/download-dubai-fitness-app.
50 National Media Council (NMC). UAE Annual Book 2016 [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: National Media Council (NMC) [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from http://nmc.gov.ae/en-us/E- Participation/Lists/Publications/Attachments/1/E-Printing%20English%20Inside.pdf.
51 Ministry of State for Federal National Council Affairs. Women in the United Arab Emirates: A portrait of progress [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ministry of State for Federal National Council Affairs [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.uae- embassy.org/sites/default/files/Women_in_the_UAE_Eng.pdf.
52 International Conference of Sports For Women 2017 (ICSW) [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ladies Sports Academy; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://fbma.ae/en/events/events-list/international-conference-of-sports-for-women-2017- icsw/.
53 Gomes A. Empowering women through sports [Internet]. Gulf News; 2018 Aug 10 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://gulfnews.com/sport/uae- sport/empowering-women-through-sports-1.2264261.
54 Sports [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Government.ae; 2018 Nov 11 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.government.ae/en/about-the-uae/strategies- initiatives-and-awards/awards/Sports.
55 Rizvi A. Rio 2016: History of Emirati female participation at the Olympic Games [Internet]. The National; 2016 July 31 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.thenational.ae/sport/rio-2016-history-of-emirati-female-participation-at-the- olympic-games-1.166001.
56 International Olympic Committee (IOC). Ahmed almaktoum claims UAE's first Olymoic medal [Internet]. International Olympic Committee (IOC); 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.olympic.org/videos/ahmed-almaktoum-claims-uae-s-first-olympic-medal.
57 Kumar A. 2016 Olympics: Toma feels proud on winning medal for UAE [Internet]. Khaleej Times; 2016 Aug 22 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.khaleejtimes.com/2016-olympics-toma-feels-proud-on-winning-medal-for- uae
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59 International Paralympic Committee (IPC). IPC Historical Results Archive [Internet]. International Paralympic Committee (IPC); 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.paralympic.org/sdms4/hira/web?npc=UAE&gender=all&medal=all&sport= all&games=all.
60 McFarlane N. Sheikh Mohammed welcomes home UAE Paralympic athletes [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Motivate Media Group, What’s On Dubai; 2016 Sep 21 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://whatson.ae/dubai/2016/09/sheikh-mohammed- welcomes-home-uae-paralympic-athletes/.
61 Community Engagement [Internet]. Special Olympics World Games Abu Dhabi 2019; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.abudhabi2019.org/beyond-sports/community-engagement.
62 SO United Arab Emirates [Internet]. Special Olympics World Games Abu Dhabi 2019; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.abudhabi2019.org/delegation/so-united-arab-emirates#.
63 Lau E. Watch: UAE coach Houriya Al Taheri on raising the profile of women's football in the Gulf region [Internet]. The National; 2019 Jun 9 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/watch-uae-coach-houriya-al- taheri-on-raising-the-profile-of-women-s-football-in-the-gulf-region-1.872234.
64 Andrews F. Watch: UAE figure skater Zahra Lari on changing history on the ice [Internet]. The National; 2019 May 15 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.thenational.ae/lifestyle/watch-uae-figure-skater-zahra-lari-on-changing- history-on-the-ice-1.861837.
65 FBMA development program. United Arab Emirates: Ladies Sports Academy; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://fbma.ae/en/programs/fbma- development-program/.
66 Al Nowais S. Emirati women make great strides in sports participation [Internet]. The National; 2017 Nov 6 [cited 2019 Jun 20. Available from https://www.thenational.ae/uae/government/emirati-women-make-great-strides-in-sports- participation-1.673540.
67 FBMA group fitness certification [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Ladies Sports Academy; 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.fbma.ae/education/certified-programs/fbma-group-fitness-certification/.
68 Dajani H. Rugby too 'rough' and girls should instead study cooking, says UAE council member [Internet]. The National; 2018 Nov 20 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.thenational.ae/uae/education/rugby-too-rough-and-girls- should-instead-study-cooking-says-uae-council-member-1.793919.

@_dawrena [Internet]. United Arab Emirates: Instagram; 2018 Dec 17 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://www.instagram.com/p/BrejAUwn0rF/?igshid=1lbvl1uwbqv7wa.

70 International Olympic Committee (IOC). Olympic Agenda 2020 [Internet]. International Olympic Committee; 2014 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from https://stillmed.olympic.org/ Documents/Olympic_Agenda_2020/Olympic_Agenda_2020-20-20_Recommendations-ENG.pdf.
71 Lauper C. Cyndi Lauper - Girls just want to have fun (Official Video) [Internet]. YouTube; 2009 Oct 25 [cited 2019 Jun 20]. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIb6AZdTr-A.
A sociedade global enxergou as mulheres como naturalmente fracas, impotentes e dependentes dos homens durante muitos anos. Historicamente, falsos mitos médicos, tais como o desenvolvimento de corpos masculinos e não femininos, efeitos nocivos sobre o ciclo menstrual e o prejuízo da gravidez de mulheres que participam de atividades esportivas, se espalharam e desencorajaram a participação ativa do gênero feminino em todas as partes do mundo e de maneira bem impactante, nos países do Golfo1. Neste artigo, utilizou-se a metodologia de Análise de Cenário recomendada por Spaniol e Rowland2, que se define como a análise do processo em um cenário futuro considerando outros possíveis resultados da sociedade no presente. A Visão 2021 dos Emirados Árabes Unidos (EAU) foi desenvolvida para converter a nação entre os melhores países do mundo em seu Jubileu de Ouro. Esta visão foi utilizada para realizar as análises com os métodos PESTLE, SWOT e CATWOE para complementar a descrição do cenário. A discussão girou em torno do engajamento geral de mulheres representando a comunidade muçulmana no setor esportivo, com grande foco na cena esportiva dos EAU. Além disso, foram discutidas as perspectivas do governo dos Emirados Árabes Unidos sobre as mulheres nos esportes e as diferentes estratégias e reformas adotadas pelas autoridades locais para promover a participação das mulheres no esporte. Como conclusão, é possível encontrar uma mudança de comportamento na sociedade contemporânea local que reflete em mais oportunidades no futuro para as mulheres no esporte, ainda que existam muitas barreiras e pré-conceitos.
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Publisher Olimpianos
 
Date 2019-07-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://olimpianos.com.br/journal/index.php/Olimpianos/article/view/56
10.30937/2526-6314.v2n2.id56
 
Source Olimpianos - Journal of Olympic Studies; Vol 2 No 2 (2018); 449-474
Olimpianos - Journal of Olympic Studies; Vol. 2 Núm. 2 (2018); 449-474
Olimpianos - Journal of Olympic Studies; v. 2 n. 2 (2018); 449-474
2526-6314
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://olimpianos.com.br/journal/index.php/Olimpianos/article/view/56/39
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Olimpianos - Journal of Olympic Studies
 

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