Hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku dan karakteristik ibu tentang ASI eksklusif terhadap status gizi bayi

Aceh Nutrition Journal

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Field Value
 
Title Hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku dan karakteristik ibu tentang ASI eksklusif terhadap status gizi bayi
 
Creator Rahayu, Seni
Djuhaeni, Henni
Nugraha, Gaga Irawan
Mulyo, Gurid Eko
 
Subject Gizi masyarakat; Gizi; Kesehatan
ASI Eksklusif; ASI; pengetahuan; sikap; perilaku; karakteristik ibu; status gizi
 
Description Exclusive breastfeeding is very beneficial for babies. The impact is not given exclusive breastfeeding could be increased morbidity and mortality, nutritional problems, impaired child growth, loss generation, increase the burden of family and state expenditures for the expenditure of formula milk and much more. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and characteristics of mothers towards exclusive breastfeeding with infant nutritional status. This study used a quantitative method with analytic observational design with a case control.. The study was conducted by 110 mothers who had babies aged 6-12 months in the Cibangkong Bandung village. It was consisting of 55 mothers who had babies with nutritional problems and 55 mothers who had babies with normal nutritional status. Data retrieval used a questionnaire. Assessment of nutritional status used the standard WHO child growth standards. The sample was taken by simple random sampling technique. Data analysis using logistic regression test. The results of the analysis showed that there was a relationship between knowledge (p= 0,006), and exclusive breastfeeding behavior (p= 0,013) with the nutritional status of the baby. In addition, maternal characteristics had an effect  of 4,3 times to age and parity in the nutritional status of infants. By knowing the relationship between knowledge factors, attitudes, behaviors and characteristics of mothers with infant nutritional status, it is expected to have leverage to improve the nutritional status of infants. ASI eksklusif sangat bermanfaat bagi bayi, dampak yang dapat terjadi apabila bayi tidak diberikan ASI eksklusif adalah meningkatnya angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi, masalah gizi, gangguan tumbuh kembang anak, terjadinya loss generation, meningkatkan beban pengeluaran keluarga serta negara untuk  pengeluaran susu formula dan masih banyak lagi.  Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku dan karakteristik Ibu terhadap pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan status gizi bayi. Penelitian menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain observasional secara kasus kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan 110  ibu yang memiliki bayi usia 6-12 bulan di kelurahan Cibangkong Bandung yang terdiri dari 55 ibu yang memiliki bayi dengan masalah gizi dan 55 ibu yang memiliki bayi dengan status gizi normal.  Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner. Penilaian status gizi menggunakan standar WHO child growth standards. Sampel diambil dengan teknik simple random sampling. Analisis data menggunakan Uji Regresi logistik. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan (p= 0,006), dan  perilaku pemberian ASI eksklusif (p=0,013) dengan status gizi bayi.  Selain itu, karakteristik ibu yaitu umur dan paritas berpengaruh sebesar 4,3 kali dalam status gizi bayi. Dengan diketahuinya hubungan faktor pegetahuan, sikap, perilaku dan karakteristik ibu dengan status gizi bayi, diharapkan mempunyai daya ungkit terhadap peningkatan status gizi bayi.
 
Publisher Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh
 
Contributor
 
Date 2019-08-17
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Survey/Interview
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.poltekkesaceh.ac.id/index.php/an/article/view/149
10.30867/action.v4i1.149
 
Source AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal; Vol 4, No 1 (2019): AcTion Vol 4 No 1 Tahun 2019; 28-35
2548-5741
2527-3310
10.30867/action.v4i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.poltekkesaceh.ac.id/index.php/an/article/view/149/88
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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