Evaluation of vector-borne diseases in dogs in a sub-cold climate area of México

Acta Biológica Colombiana

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Title Evaluation of vector-borne diseases in dogs in a sub-cold climate area of México

Evaluación de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores en perros de un área de clima sub-frío de México
 
Creator Clímaco, Laura Reyes
Núñez, Camilo Romero
Cardenas, Rafael Heredia
 
Subject parasitología; epidemiología; biología; veterinaria
Cambio climático; epidemiología; vectores de enfermedades
parasitology; epidemiology; biology; veterinary
Climate change; disease vectors; epidemiology
parasitologia; epidemiologia; biologia; veterinário

 
Description The geographical distribution of vector-borne diseases is influenced by a complex dynamic of environmental, social factors and the changing impact of transmission of their vectors and intermediate hosts and reservoirs. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the seropositivity for antibodies anti-Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferia and the seropositivity to antigens of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs in an area of Mexico with a cool climate. It took 100 blood samples from dogs in private homes and at veterinary clinics in the State of Amecameca de Juárez, Mexico State. The analysis of samples is carried out by a commercial ELISA kit (Test SNAP® 4Dx® Plus Canine IDEXX®). The result was a seropositivity for antibodies anti-E. canis of 30 %, 9 % for A. phagocytophilum, 4 % for B. burgdorferi and 16 % for D. immitis antigen. Likewise, it was found a statistically significant relationship between anti-E. canis antibodies and the seropositivity in dogs older than one year of age and purebred. In addition, it was reported similar results in male dogs and older than a year with seropositivity to D. immitis. With the results obtained, it is concluded that there is higher seropositivity for infection by E. canis and D. immitis, and a significant association in dogs older than one year. It is great relevance to know the epidemiology of pathogens transmitted by ticks due to the zoonotic impact involved. Additional research is recommended, as well as preventive measures of animal health and public heath to reduce the risk of infection in dogs.

La distribución geográfica de las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores está influenciada por una dinámica compleja de factores ambientales, sociales y el impacto cambiante de la transmisión de sus vectores, huéspedes intermedios y reservorios. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la seropositividad a anticuerpos anti-Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferia y la seropositividad a antígenos de Dirofilaria immitis en perros de un área de México con un clima semifrío. Se tomaron 100 muestras de sangre de caninos de hogares privados y en clínicas veterinarias del estado de Amecameca de Juárez, Estado de México. El análisis de las muestras se llevó a cabo mediante un kit comercial de ELISA (Test SNAP® 4Dx® Plus Canine IDEXX®). A los resultados se observó una seropositividad a anticuerpos anti-E. canis del 30 %, 9 % para A. phagocytophilum, 4 % para B. burgdorferi y 16 % para antígenos de D. immitis. Así mismo, se halló una relación estadísticamente significativa entre la seropositividad a anticuerpos anti-E. canis y perros mayores a un año y de raza. Por otra parte se reportaron resultados similares en perros machos y mayores de un año con seropositividad a D. immitis. Con los resultados obtenidos, se concluye que existe una mayor seropositividad para la infección por E. canis y D. immitis y una asociación significativa en perros mayores de un año. Es de gran relevancia conocer la epidemiología de patógenos transmitidos por garrapatas debido al impacto zoonotico que implican. Se recomiendan investigaciones adicionales, así como medidas preventivas de salud animal y salud pública para reducir el riesgo de infección en perros.
 
Publisher Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Bogotá - Faculdad de Ciencias - Departamento de Biología
 
Contributor
 
Date 2020-05-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/actabiol/article/view/77737
10.15446/abc.v25n2.77737
 
Source Acta Biológica Colombiana; Vol. 25, Núm. 2 (2020): En prensa / In press
Acta Biológica Colombiana; Vol. 25, Núm. 2 (2020): En prensa / In press
1900-1649
0120-548X
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/actabiol/article/view/77737/pdf
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