UJI PERBANDINGAN KOMPOSISI BEBERAPA JENIS LIMBAH PERTANIAN SEBAGAI BAHAN PEMBUATAN KERTAS DAUR ULANG (The Comparison Test of Composition of Several Types of Agricultural Waste as Materials of Recycled Paper)

Jurnal Rekayasa Pangan dan Pertanian

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Title UJI PERBANDINGAN KOMPOSISI BEBERAPA JENIS LIMBAH PERTANIAN SEBAGAI BAHAN PEMBUATAN KERTAS DAUR ULANG (The Comparison Test of Composition of Several Types of Agricultural Waste as Materials of Recycled Paper)
 
Creator Lestari, Sri Indah; Program Studi Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara Jl. Prof. Dr. A. Sofyan No. 3 Kampus USU Medan 20155
Sigalingging, Riswanti; Program Studi Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara Jl. Prof. Dr. A. Sofyan No. 3 Kampus USU Medan 20155
Panggabean, Sulastri; Program Studi Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara Jl. Prof. Dr. A. Sofyan No. 3 Kampus USU Medan 20155
 
Subject Keteknikan Pertanian
 
Description ABSTRACT The amount of paper waste produced resulting in problem; one of the ways to overcome it, is by making paper waste as a recycled paper materials. Recycled paper can be made with a mixture of cellulose and hemicellulose from plants.This study aimed to obtain the best composition ofmaterials in recycled paper making by using waste paper and some types of agricultural waste fiber (rice straw, banana leaves, and oil palm leaves).This study was conducted by using a complete non-factorial randomized design. Percentage of ratio of mixture of agricultural waste fiber (rice straw, banana frond,and oil palm leaves) and waste paper were (0%:100%; 25%:75%; 50%:50%; 75%:25%; 0%:100%). Parameters observed were tear resistance, tensile strength, stiffness, roughness, and water absorption.The results showed that the composition of paper waste affected significantly on tear resistance, tensile strength, stiffness, roughness and water absorption. The best paper was obtained on a percentage of 50% of paper pulp and 50% mixtureof  agricultural waste fiber with a tear resistance value of 0.72 N.m2/kg, tensile strength of 2.28 k.N/m, paper stiffness 663.00 gf.cm, roughness 2,400 m.L/minute and water absorption 608.0 g/m2.Key words: Recycled paper, art paper, waste of agricultural, pulp, fiber.  ABSTRAK Banyaknya sampah kertas yang dihasilkan menimbulkan permasalahan, salah satu cara mengatasinya dengan menjadikan sampah kertas sebagai bahan pembuatan kertas daur ulang. Kertas daur ulang dapat dibuat dengan campuran selulosa dan hemiselulosa dari tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan perbandingan komposisi bahan yang paling baik dalam pembuatan kertas daur ulang dengan memanfaatkan kertas bekas dan beberapa jenis serat limbah pertanian (jerami padi, pelepah pisang, dan daun kelapa sawit). Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap non-faktorial. Persentase perbandingan komposisi campuran serat limbah pertanian (jerami padi, pelepah pisang, dan daun kelapa sawit) dan kertas bekas (0% : 100% ; 25% : 75% ; 50% : 50% ; 75% : 25% ; 0% : 100%). Param eter yang diamati yaitu ketahanan sobek, ketahanan tarik, kekakuan, kekasaran, dan daya serap air. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi sampah kertas memberikan pengaruh berbeda sangat nyata  terhadap ketahanan sobek, ketahanan tarik, kekakuan, kekasaran dan daya serap air. Kertas terbaik didapatkan pada persentase komposisi pulp kertas 50% dan campuran serat limbah pertanian 50% dengan nilai ketahanan sobek 0,72 N.m2/kg, ketahanan tarik 2,28 k.N/m, kekakuan kertas 663,00 gf.cm, kekasaran 2.400 m.L/menit dan daya serap air 608,0 g/m2. Kata Kunci: Kertas daur ulang, kertas seni, limbah pertanian, pulp, serat.
 
Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara
 
Date 2019-06-13
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/index.php/jrpp/article/view/Sri%20Indah%20Lestari
 
Source Jurnal Rekayasa Pangan dan Pertanian; Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Rekayasa Pangan dan Pertanian; 851-859
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/index.php/jrpp/article/view/Sri%20Indah%20Lestari/pdf
 
Rights This is an open access journal which means that all contents is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
 

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