The developmental state: independence, dependency and the history of the South

Revista Derecho del Estado

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Title The developmental state: independence, dependency and the history of the South
El estado desarrollista: independencia, dependencia y la historia del Sur
Creator Eslava, Luis
Subject International Law;
developmental state;
Global South
Derecho internacional;
estado desarrollista;
historia descolonización;
Sur Global
Description In this article I examine the genesis and importance of the developmental state for our thinking about the period of decolonization –which took place between the mid-1950s to the 1970s– and, more generally, the history of the global order. Using Latin America’s much earlier experience of European colonialism, together with the challenges later posed to this region by independence, I demonstrate how the developmental state that emerged there gradually came to define the outer limits of what was thinkable and doable in the rest of the postcolonial world. During the second half of the twentieth century, in particular, it became clear that the developmental state was a very difficult beast to harness in the interests of Southern populations, both in Latin America and beyond. Too much a part of the larger project of modernity, too close to the institutional machinery of the old colonial powers and too dependent to the ‘advanced’ economies, the developmental state promised much yet compromised more at every turn. This is a history that continues to mark the South, and increasingly those ‘southern’ parts of the Global North.
En este artículo examino la génesis e importancia del estado desarrollista para nuestro estudio del periodo de la descolonización –el cual tuvo lugar desde mediados de los años 1950 hasta la década de 1970– y, de manera más general, para nuestro entendimiento de la historia del orden global. Tomando como punto de partida la historia –mucho más temprana– de la experiencia latinoamericana con el colonialismo europeo, junto con los retos que trajo consigo su independencia, demuestro que el estado desarrollista que surgió gradualmente en la región vino a definir los límites de lo pensable y lo posible para el resto del mundo poscolonial. Durante la segunda mitad del siglo xx, en particular, el estado desarrollista probó ser una bestia muy difícil de domesticar en términos de los intereses de los habitantes del Sur, tanto en Latinoamérica como más allá. Atrincherado en el proyecto de la modernidad, muy cercano a la maquinaria institucional de los poderes coloniales, y dependiente de las economías “avanzadas”, el estado desarrollista prometió mucho, y al mismo tiempo terminó comprometiendo demasiado al Sur Global. Esta es una historia que continúa marcando la vida diaria del Sur, y cada vez más, los nuevos “sures” del Norte Global.
Publisher Departamento de Derecho Constitucional
Date 2019-04-12
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Revista Derecho del Estado; No 43 (2019): Mayo-Agosto; 25-65
Revista Derecho del Estado; Núm. 43 (2019): Mayo-Agosto; 25-65
Language spa
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Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Luis Eslava

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