Marihuana y drogas ilícitas en jóvenes mexicanos: Factores de riesgo y protección asociados a la edad de inicio del consumo

Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología

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Title Marihuana y drogas ilícitas en jóvenes mexicanos: Factores de riesgo y protección asociados a la edad de inicio del consumo
 
Creator Vega-Cauich, Julio Isaac
Escobedo Heredia, Blanca Nayely de la Luz
Zumárraga García, Fanny María
 
Description Objective: The objective of this research was to determine the risk and protection factors associated with the age of onset of marijuana and illicit drug use in Mexican youth. Method: Data of 40,366 young participants in the Social Cohesion Survey for the Prevention of Violence and Crime (ECOPRED in spanish) were analyzed. The variables associated with the age of onset for marijuana and other illicit drug use were determined using two proportional risk models. Results: The median age of onset of illicit drug abuse was between 15 and 18 years of age, while the age of onset of marihuana use was 17. In both models, having a peer who is a consumer of marijuana was the most strongly associated factor with the onset of use/consumption. Discussion: The age of onset of drug use revealed in the present study was similar to that suggested in previous researches. Despite the differences in factors in each model, having a peer who is a consumer and the previous consumption of tobacco (moderator variable) were the most strongly associated factors in both models.
Objetivo: Determinar factores de riesgo y protección asociados a la edad de inicio del consumo de mariguana y drogas ilícitas en jóvenes mexicanos. Método: Se analizaron datos de 40,366 jóvenes participantes de la Encuesta de Cohesión Social para la Prevención de la Violencia y la Delincuencia (ECOPRED). Las variables asociadas con la edad de inicio del consumo de mariguana y otras drogas ilícitas fueron determinadas mediante dos modelos de riesgos proporcionales. Resultados: La edad mediana de inicio en consumo de drogas ilícitas osciló entre los 15 y 18 años, mientras que en consumo de marihuana fue de 17 años. En ambos modelos, tener un par consumidor de marihuana fue el factor más fuertemente asociado al inicio de consumo. Discusión: La edad de inicio de consumo revelada en el presente estudio resultó similar a aquella propuesta en investigaciones previas. A pesar de las diferencias de factores en cada modelo, tener un par consumidor de marihuana y el consumo previo de tabaco (variable moderadora) resultaron los factores más fuertemente asociados en ambos modelos.
 
Publisher Corporación Universitaria Iberoamericana
 
Date 2018-04-20
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Cuantitativo
 
Format application/pdf
image/png
image/png
text/plain
 
Identifier https://reviberopsicologia.ibero.edu.co/article/view/rip.11103
10.33881/2027-1786.rip.11103
 
Source Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología; Vol. 11 Núm. 1 (2018): Psicología Jurídica: Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología; 3-10
2500-6517
2027-1786
 
Language spa
 
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