Métodos de medición de la capacidad aeróbica y la fuerza muscular en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica en un ambiente intrahospitalario

Movimiento Cientifico

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Title Métodos de medición de la capacidad aeróbica y la fuerza muscular en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica en un ambiente intrahospitalario
 
Creator Villamil Parra, Wilder Andrés
Acero, Adriana del Pilar
Fabra, Francy
Monsalve, Daniel
Quintero, Camila
Ruiz, Jesica
Sanabria, Camila
Sanabria, Angela
Torres, Paola
Urrego, Stephanie
 
Description Antecedentes: La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) es la deficiencia respiratoria de mayor prevalencia e impacto socioeconómico en el mundo. Por su alta incidencia, su curso clínico progresivo y sus requerimientos asistenciales constituyen un problema de salud pública de primer orden, es por ello que surge la necesidad de realizar una evaluación que determine el nivel de deterioro de las capacidades condicionales como fuerza y capacidad aeróbica. Objetivo: Identificar los métodos utilizados para la evaluación de la capacidad aeróbica y la fuerza muscular en pacientes con EPOC en un ambiente intrahospitalario. Método: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las plataformas Pubmed, Ebsco, Pedro y Scielo. Se seleccionaron ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados que relacionaran la medición de la fuerza muscular en pacientes con EPOC hospitalizados. Se identificación y seleccionaron 32 artículos no superiores a 7 años de publicación. Resultados: En la medición de la capacidad aeróbica se encontraron estrategias de evaluación como la marcha de los 6 minutos, el cicloergómetro y la banda sin fin (p=<0.001) y (p=<0.05). Para la medición de la fuerza y resistencia se hallaron pruebas de evaluación tales como la prueba incremental de los miembros superiores y la dinamometría (p=<0.033 y p=<0.006). Conclusión: La evaluación de la capacidad aeróbica en personas con diagnóstico de EPOC consiste principalmente en la aplicación de la prueba de caminata de 6 minuto (p=0.005), seguido del Cicloergómetro y banda sin fin (p=0.01, p=0.05). En cuanto a la evaluación de la fuerza, el método más utilizado es dinamometría para miembros superiores y prueba de RM para miembros inferiores (p=0.05).
 
Publisher Corporación Universitaria Iberoamericana
 
Date 2018-05-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Articles
Artículos
Revisión sistemática
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revmovimientocientifico.ibero.edu.co/article/view/mct.11202
10.33881/2011-7191.mct.11202
 
Source Movimiento Científico; Vol 11 No 2 (2017): Revista Movimiento Científico; 55-62
Movimiento Científico; Vol. 11 Núm. 2 (2017): Revista Movimiento Científico; 55-62
2463-2236
2011-7191
 
Language spa
 
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