Psychoactive substance abuse. Model and cognitive therapy

Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología

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Title Psychoactive substance abuse. Model and cognitive therapy
Abuso de sustancias psicoactivas. Modelo y terapia cognitiva
 
Creator Toro Tobar, Ronald Alberto
 
Description The objective of the review was to present the core components of the cognitive model and cognitive therapy for substance abuse disorders. An analysis of Beck’s model and his cognitive therapy was carried out, which isa treatment based on the identification of cognitive distortions, automatic thoughts, addictive and permissive intermediate beliefs, and compensatory behaviors derived from cognitionand craving,. This was followed by the introduction of the core elements to carry out an adecquate assessment of the cases of addictive dissorders, the cognitive case formulation and the planning of the cognitive therapy.An overview of the availableempirical evidence is also put forward, evidence which supports the treatment called CBT as one of the most recommended, especially in interventions that imply the intake of pharmaceutical drugs such as Naltrexone. Finally, some recent techniques are addressed, which are based on meditation and cognitive modification, along with others that prove to be effective.
El objetivo de la revisión fue presentar los fundamentos del modelo cognitivo y la terapia cognitiva para el abuso de sustancias psicoactivas. Se llevó a cabo un análisis del modelo de Beck y la terapia cognitiva, tratamiento basado en la identificación de las distorsiones cognitivas, pensamientos automáticos, creencias intermedias adictivas y permisivas, y los comportamientos compensatorios derivados de la cognición y el 'antojo'. Acto seguido, se presentan los elementos claves para llevar a cabo una evaluación adecuada de los casos de trastornos adictivos, la formulación cognitiva de caso y la planeación de la terapia cognitiva. Además, se presenta un panorama de la evidencia empírica disponible, la cual fundamenta estos tratamientos denominados CBT entre los más recomendados, principalmente cuando se llevan a cabo de la mano de la ingesta de fármacos como el Naltrexone. Finalmente, se mencionan técnicas recientes basadas en la meditación y la modificación cognitiva, entre otras que la eficacia de la evaluación.
 
Publisher ĬbērAM
 
Date 2017-06-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://reviberopsicologia.ibero.edu.co/article/view/rip.10108
10.33881/2027-1786.rip.10108
 
Source Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología; Vol. 10 Núm. 1 (2017): Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología; 65-72
2500-6517
2027-1786
 
Language spa
 
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https://reviberopsicologia.ibero.edu.co/article/view/rip.10108/1044
 

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